Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Endpoint

1/9/2018
03:27 PM
Connect Directly
Twitter
LinkedIn
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Microsoft: How the Threat Landscape Will Shift This Year

Exclusive interview with Windows Security lead on how 2017 was a "return to retro" security threats and 2018 will bring increasingly targeted, advanced, and dangerous cyberattacks.

Unlike security professionals, who have stressed over digital threats for years, most average consumers didn't recognize the importance of security until 2017.

"Grandmothers and grandfathers and moms and dads are now aware of cyber intrusions," says David Weston, principal security group manager for the Windows Enterprise and Security team at Microsoft. "It's amazing, but it also means we have a lot of work to do."

In an exclusive interview with Dark Reading this week, Weston shared insight on the threats and trends were top of mind for Microsoft last year, and what he's worried about in the new year.

2017: Ransomware, targeted attacks stand out  

Massive cyberattacks WannaCry and NotPetya, which hit major global brands, drove security to the forefront of consumers' minds. Weston says the two outbreaks topped Microsoft's list last year. Both used a ransomware worm, which he calls "a hallmark" of 2017 and describes as a sort of "return to retro" that caught the security community off guard.

From a technical perspective, use of a worm on both occasions was "particularly interesting." During WannaCry, the Microsoft team "learned a ton about where we need to keep investing," Weston adds. "Bug classes some of us thought were extinct will be key going forward."

WannaCry symbolizes a level of destruction that Weston predicts will grow as cybercriminals' goals shift. This doesn't necessarily mean more targeted attacks, but it does mean threats will become broader and more advanced as threat actors aim to destroy networks.

"Originally attackers focused on stealth," he says. "They wanted to exfiltrate information while staying quiet … what you're seeing with WannaCry, they're potentially using that to send a statement and do more destructive things. It's a maturity and evolution of targeted attacks."

Both attacks used an interesting strategy that Weston says has, so far, been overshadowed.

"They're automating techniques, which you'd see from a red team or adversary, into their malware or implants," he explains. "You're in a situation where, after it gets a foothold, the piece of malware is operating like a full-on red team. That's actually a big challenge."

In NotPetya, for example, once the threat landed on a machine it would spread, looking for places to move laterally and credentials to steal. It's part of evolving threat sophistication, says Weston. Hacking platforms like Metasploit and PowerSploit have research to support red teams, but much of that research is accessible to threat actors who are "using it to great effect," he adds.

"A smart adversary will take advantage of intelligence and use it," says Weston. "They're trying to impact as much of the network as possible, and per-incident impact and cost will go way up. You can't just defend a single machine, you have to look at it holistically, at a network level."

2018: Rise of supply chain, cryptocurrency attacks

Weston says supply chain attacks are "of grave concern" this year as criminal groups shift their strategy.

"We're seeing some of the attack groups that used to use zero-days, moving away from watering-hole types of attacks to compromising large websites that might distribute common utility software and putting their implant in there," he explains.

It's a growing technique among attack groups: Infect as many people as possible then sift through the victims to find specific targets. Attackers are hitting supply chain software because it's easy to hide within a process that vendors will associate with something good. In some cases, supply chain software can bypass app control settings and cause problems for defenders.

Take Operation WilySupply, where an attacker was using a compromised update mechanism for a third-party editing tool to deliver malware. While it didn't use a zero-day, the attack abused the trust relationship involved with software supply chains. Microsoft discovered the attack attempt early last year.

Defending against supply chain attacks will be tough because each software vendor has a different distribution mechanism and signing infrastructure, says Weston. In the past, companies could put software on a "trusted list" if it had a history of being secure. However, he says, businesses have to realize anything can change from good to bad at any time.

"Getting your software sources from centralized locations where possible is one of the practical means for protecting against supply chain attacks," Weston adds.

Cryptocurrency will be a growing security issue as more people adopt it. Attackers will target machines to cannibalize their resources and focus on cryptocurrencies, which are getting harder to mine in legitimate ways. Wallets will also become popular among hackers.

"Targeting wallets will become more popular as more people dabble in investing in bitcoins and accessing them," he explains. "If we get to the point where everyone has a wallet on their machine, there's an opportunity for cybercriminals on every machine."

Weston says Microsoft is exploring ways to use analytics in Windows and Azure to determine when a machine is using resources in ways it previously hasn't. Did you take up a lot of storage space overnight? Does this connection come from a trusted IP? Is it being used for spam? Machine learning, he says, can help establish a baseline of what the PC uses and train on it.

He points out sophisticated threat actors are using similar technologies to identify anomalous behaviors. "They can use the same thing to find gaps in our defenses. They can hire capable engineers, they can hire clouds that scale to their needs." As attackers build their strategies, defenders must do the same.

Related Content:

Kelly Sheridan is the Staff Editor at Dark Reading, where she focuses on cybersecurity news and analysis. She is a business technology journalist who previously reported for InformationWeek, where she covered Microsoft, and Insurance & Technology, where she covered financial ... View Full Bio
 

Recommended Reading:

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
Commentary
How SolarWinds Busted Up Our Assumptions About Code Signing
Dr. Jethro Beekman, Technical Director,  3/3/2021
News
'ObliqueRAT' Now Hides Behind Images on Compromised Websites
Jai Vijayan, Contributing Writer,  3/2/2021
News
Attackers Turn Struggling Software Projects Into Trojan Horses
Robert Lemos, Contributing Writer,  2/26/2021
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Write a Caption, Win an Amazon Gift Card! Click Here
Latest Comment: George has not accepted that the technology age has come to an end.
Current Issue
2021 Top Enterprise IT Trends
We've identified the key trends that are poised to impact the IT landscape in 2021. Find out why they're important and how they will affect you today!
Flash Poll
How Enterprises are Developing Secure Applications
How Enterprises are Developing Secure Applications
Recent breaches of third-party apps are driving many organizations to think harder about the security of their off-the-shelf software as they continue to move left in secure software development practices.
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2020-28466
PUBLISHED: 2021-03-07
This affects all versions of package github.com/nats-io/nats-server/server. Untrusted accounts are able to crash the server using configs that represent a service export/import cycles. Disclaimer from the maintainers: Running a NATS service which is exposed to untrusted users presents a heightened r...
CVE-2021-27364
PUBLISHED: 2021-03-07
An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.11.3. drivers/scsi/scsi_transport_iscsi.c is adversely affected by the ability of an unprivileged user to craft Netlink messages.
CVE-2021-27365
PUBLISHED: 2021-03-07
An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.11.3. Certain iSCSI data structures do not have appropriate length constraints or checks, and can exceed the PAGE_SIZE value. An unprivileged user can send a Netlink message that is associated with iSCSI, and has a length up to the maximum length...
CVE-2021-27363
PUBLISHED: 2021-03-07
An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.11.3. A kernel pointer leak can be used to determine the address of the iscsi_transport structure. When an iSCSI transport is registered with the iSCSI subsystem, the transport's handle is available to unprivileged users via the sysfs file system...
CVE-2021-26294
PUBLISHED: 2021-03-07
An issue was discovered in AfterLogic Aurora through 7.7.9 and WebMail Pro through 7.7.9. They allow directory traversal to read files (such as a data/settings/settings.xml file containing admin panel credentials), as demonstrated by dav/server.php/files/personal/%2e%2e when using the caldav_public_...