Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Endpoint Security //

Antivirus

3/22/2019
06:00 AM
Larry Loeb
Larry Loeb
Larry Loeb
50%
50%

FIN7 Resurfaces With New Malware Techniques

The FIN7 group of cyber criminals is still going strong.

The FIN7 group of cyber criminals has been around since 2015. Many thought their activities in the restaurant, gaming and hospitality industries that they targeted would cease when the Department of Justice indicted and arrested three Ukranian members in 2018.

At the time, the DOJ said that FIN7 had stolen more than 15 million payment card records from American businesses, as well as infiltrating more than 6,500 individual point-of-sale terminals at more than 3,600 business locations.

Fading away doesn't seem to be the case, however. Security firm Flashpoint has found recent activity that they link to the group.

They have found a new administrative panel and previously unseen malware samples dating from May to July 2018 that they attribute to the group's activities.

The attack panel, which they call Astra, contained references to the FIN7 front company Combi Security in the Astra panel's backend PHP. Combi Security, presented itself as a penetration-testing and security services company based in Russia and Israel, but the DOJ said that it was used by FIN7 to recruit other hackers. The panel functions as a script-management system, and delivers attack scripts to compromised computers.

The initial breach of a system is usually done by phishing emails that have socially engineered attachments that will increase their allure.

Once opened, the attachments spread SQLRat, which is previously unseen malware that drops files and executes SQL scripts on the host system.

The SQLRat script will make a direct SQL connection to a Microsoft database controlled by the attackers and execute the contents stored in the tables.

SQL scripts are "fileless" attack vectors, in that they do not leave traces behind that can be tracked once they have been executed and deleted. FIN7 has not previously used fileless techniques in their activities.

A different malware was also seen, a multiprotocol JavaScript-based backdoor called DNSbot. It exchanges commands and will push data to and from compromised machines. Flashpoint analysts found that it primarily operates over DNS traffic, but can also switch to encrypted channels such as HTTPS or SSL.

Persistence on machines is done by creating two daily scheduled task entries. The code remains under the control by FIN7 and may be leveraged in future attacks by the group.

Flashpoint has several proposed malware mitigations. They say to watch for newly added Windows tasks, specifically those with a JScript switch. Also, they advise monitoring for any attempts to delete the Microsoft update service.

The firm also recommends implementing host-based detections for new files in %appdata%\Roaming\Microsoft\Templates\ with a dot extension, as well as implementing host-based detections for files in %appdata%\local\Storage\.

Specifics and methods may change over time for cyber criminals, but their greed remains eternal.

— Larry Loeb has written for many of the last century's major "dead tree" computer magazines, having been, among other things, a consulting editor for BYTE magazine and senior editor for the launch of WebWeek.

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
COVID-19: Latest Security News & Commentary
Dark Reading Staff 7/2/2020
Ripple20 Threatens Increasingly Connected Medical Devices
Kelly Sheridan, Staff Editor, Dark Reading,  6/30/2020
DDoS Attacks Jump 542% from Q4 2019 to Q1 2020
Dark Reading Staff 6/30/2020
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon
Current Issue
How Cybersecurity Incident Response Programs Work (and Why Some Don't)
This Tech Digest takes a look at the vital role cybersecurity incident response (IR) plays in managing cyber-risk within organizations. Download the Tech Digest today to find out how well-planned IR programs can detect intrusions, contain breaches, and help an organization restore normal operations.
Flash Poll
The Threat from the Internetand What Your Organization Can Do About It
The Threat from the Internetand What Your Organization Can Do About It
This report describes some of the latest attacks and threats emanating from the Internet, as well as advice and tips on how your organization can mitigate those threats before they affect your business. Download it today!
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2020-9498
PUBLISHED: 2020-07-02
Apache Guacamole 1.1.0 and older may mishandle pointers involved inprocessing data received via RDP static virtual channels. If a userconnects to a malicious or compromised RDP server, a series ofspecially-crafted PDUs could result in memory corruption, possiblyallowing arbitrary code to be executed...
CVE-2020-3282
PUBLISHED: 2020-07-02
A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Cisco Unified Communications Manager, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Session Management Edition, Cisco Unified Communications Manager IM & Presence Service, and Cisco Unity Connection could allow an unauthenticated, remote attack...
CVE-2020-5909
PUBLISHED: 2020-07-02
In versions 3.0.0-3.5.0, 2.0.0-2.9.0, and 1.0.1, when users run the command displayed in NGINX Controller user interface (UI) to fetch the agent installer, the server TLS certificate is not verified.
CVE-2020-5910
PUBLISHED: 2020-07-02
In versions 3.0.0-3.5.0, 2.0.0-2.9.0, and 1.0.1, the Neural Autonomic Transport System (NATS) messaging services in use by the NGINX Controller do not require any form of authentication, so any successful connection would be authorized.
CVE-2020-5911
PUBLISHED: 2020-07-02
In versions 3.0.0-3.5.0, 2.0.0-2.9.0, and 1.0.1, the NGINX Controller installer starts the download of Kubernetes packages from an HTTP URL On Debian/Ubuntu system.