American cyberspace has become a brave new world. The second quarter of 2017 ushered in a wave of cyber attacks, many of which directly impacted the operational and reputational risk of multinational corporations. FedEx Corp, Danish shipping company AP Moller-Maersk S/A are among six corporations which reported financial damage from cyber attacks last quarter, according to the Poneman Institute, which also projects collateral damage associated with these attacks will surpass the cost of the loss of customer data by year end.
This new face of cybercrime directly impacts a corporation’s reputation. Recently Oxford Economics, which studied severe breaches at 65 listed companies, found that breaches tend to lead to share prices falling by an average of 1.8%.
Major breaches over the past decade have also forced a consensus that compliance with security standards does not equate to cybersecurity. Consequently, security awareness within the C-suite is paramount for mitigating cyber-risk. But if responsibility to protect brands from cyber threats extends beyond those in technology, whose responsibility is it to protect the brand - the IT department or the marketing department? According to a study by Ponemon and Centrify released in February, 66% of IT practitioners do not think that brand protection is their responsibility while 45% of IT practitioners and 42% of CMOs believe that brand protection is not taken seriously by the C-suite. A full 71% of CMOs believe the biggest cost of a security incident is the loss of brand value; nearly half of the IT practitioners surveyed (49%) report brand diminishment as the biggest loss, according to the study.
What do the consumers think about security? According to Ponemon, 31% of consumers will discontinue a relationship due to a data breach, but even higher numbers - 65% - will lose trust in the company. While IT professionals and CMOs agree that brand protection is directly impacted by cyber attacks, there is a disconnect about who should allocate resources to mitigate intrusions. According to a recent survey of chief marketing officers, CMOs currently oversee 11% of a corporation’s budget, most of which is allocated to digital marketing campaigns. It is imperative that a percentage of these monies be reallocated to cybersecurity.
How Cybercrime is Metastasizing
Avoiding a network breach is a corporation’s ultimate measure of cybersecurity success, though the supposition that an adversary is already on one’s network is foundational for mitigating cybercrime. When a breach occurs, the exfiltration process is not immediate — a hacker must maneuver, explore, and collect information before she finds that which is valuable. Gone are the days of smash and grab cyber burglaries. Cybercriminals have transitioned from burglary to home invasion.
The more dwell time the adversary has in the environment, the longer it takes to detect and contain a data breach, the more costly it becomes to resolve, and the harder a brand’s reputation is hit. Victim organizations are experiencing multiple criminal schemes of monetization. Data is stolen and subsequently the brand is used against its constituency via watering hole attacks and business email compromise campaigns. In our ever more connected world, reputational risk has metastasized in 2017.
This explosion further illustrates the formidable dark side of globalization and cybercrime. As billions of people become connected, not all are ethical individuals. The criminal world has migrated online; in the United Kingdom over 50% of crimes involve a cyber component, according to a 2016 National Crime Agency cybercrime assessment.
ROI of Brand Protection
The Ponemon Institute 2017 Cost of Data Breach Study diagnosed the relationship between the ROI associated with brand protection. The study calculates that costs of a data breach are in excess of $17 million. The cost breakdown takes into consideration customer turnover, amplified customer acquisition efforts, and general "reputation losses and diminished goodwill." The number one factor that impacts the cost is the time it takes to identify and contain a data breach. According to Ponemon, "the relationship between how quickly an organization can identify and contain data breach incidents impacts the financial consequences."
The bottom line is that we must realize that there is a significant, unquantified loss associated with brand degradation, and that reputational risk management requires investing in a cybersecurity architecture that maximizes brand protection.
At the end of October, top experts on breaches and branding will be meeting with enterprise security professionals to explore the impact that data compromises may have on business. To find out more, go to Zero Day Con, and learn more about the direct correlation between cybersecurity investment and brand protection.
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