Microsoft's report on threats for the second half of 2008, which gathers threat data from hundreds of millions of Windows machines worldwide, as well as some vulnerability and breach data from other sources, for the first time looked at business versus consumer threat data. While enterprise users are more likely to be hit by worms, consumers get more Trojan and adware infections, according to Microsoft.
But it was the scareware, or rogue AV infections, that stood out overall with the big numbers for the second half of '08. "This was a significant scale that we had not seen in the past," says Jeff Williams, principal architect for Microsoft's Malware Protection Center. "It has become very widespread, and the scale of it had been hidden from view [until now]," he says.
The bad guys are capitalizing on users' understanding that they need security software protection from threats, he says. "Fear is a powerful motivator," Williams says. And the phony threats have a convincing look and feel that can easily dupe consumers, he says.
"They are copying our software look and feel, and Symantec's, etc., with the same naming conventions," he says. They also are localizing it by region, he notes.
Microsoft says the Win32/Renos scareware attack was found on 4.4 million computers, for instance, and Win32/FakeXPA and Win32/FakeSecScan on 1.5 million machines. Other rogue AV types were also detected, bringing the total numbers of those types of infections to the 10 million mark.
The report, using data from the Open Security Foundation's OSF Data Loss Database, also noted that 33.5 percent of all security breach incidents were from stolen equipment, and that stolen and lost equipment together accounted for half of all reported breaches in the second half of 2008. Malware and other hacking incidents accounted for less than 20 percent of all data breaches. "So it's not just a technology issue, but [victims] have governance issues," Williams says.
And a bit of possibly good news: Based on Microsoft's and other data, the total number of new vulnerability disclosures dropped 3 percent from the first half of the year, and the total number in 2008 was 12 percent fewer than disclosed in 2007. The caveat: "High severity" vulnerabilities were up 4 percent in the second half of '08, and more than half of all vulnerabilities in that period were high severity" Still, the total number was down 16 percent from 2007.
Around 90 percent of vulnerabilities during the second half of last year were in applications, Williams points out, and with increased attacks targeting third-party apps. Microsoft vulnerabilities comprised about 41 percent of browser-based attacks against XP machines, and 5.5 percent against Vista machines.
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