SANTA CLARA, Calif. -- McAfee, Inc. (NYSE: MFE) today announced its top ten predictions for security threats in 2007 from McAfee Avert Labs. According to McAfee Avert Labs data, with more than 217,000 various types of known threats and thousands more as yet unidentified, it is clear that malware is increasingly being released by professional and organized criminals.
In no particular order, McAfee Avert Labs' top 10 security threats for 2007 are:
- The number of password-stealing Web sites will increase using fake sign-in pages for popular online services such as eBay
- The volume of spam, particularly bandwidth-eating image spam, will continue to increase
- The popularity of video sharing on the Web makes it inevitable that hackers will target MPEG files as a means to distribute malicious code
- Mobile phone attacks will become more prevalent as mobile devices become "smarter" and more connected
- Adware will go mainstream following the increase in commercial Potentially Unwanted Programs (PUPs)
- Identity theft and data loss will continue to be a public issue - at the root of these crimes is often computer theft, loss of back-ups and compromised information systems
- The use of bots, computer programs that perform automated tasks, will increase as a tool favored by hackers
- Parasitic malware, or viruses that modify existing files on a disk, will make a comeback
- The number of rootkits on 32-bit platforms will increase, but protection and remediation capabilities will increase as well
- Vulnerabilities will continue to cause concern fueled by the
underground market for vulnerabilities
Today, McAfee researchers are seeing evidence of the rise of professional and organized crime in malware creation, whereby development teams are creating malicious software, testing it and automating its production and release. Sophisticated techniques such as polymorphism, the recurrence of parasitic infectors, rootkits, and automated systems with cycling encryption releasing new builds are becoming more prevalent. Furthermore, threats are being packed or encrypted to disguise their malicious purpose on a more rapid and complex scale.
In July 2006, McAfee announced that it officially released protection for the 200,000th threat in its database. Since January 1, 2006, McAfee has added approximately 50,000 new threats to its database and is on track to exceed 225,000 new threats by the end of the year. Given current trends, McAfee expects the 300,000th threat to be identified by the end of 2007, demonstrating its growth potential.
McAfee Avert Labs' 2007 Threat Forecast:
Password-stealing Web sites are on the rise More attacks that attempt to capture a user's ID and password by displaying a fake sign-in page, and increased targeting of popular online services such as eBay, will become more evident in 2007. As evidenced by the phishing attacks that followed Hurricane Katrina, McAfee Avert Labs also expects more attacks that take advantage of people's willingness to help others in need.
In contrast, the number of attacks on ISPs are expected to decline while those aimed at the financial sector will remain steady.
Spam, particularly image spam, is on the rise In November 2006, image spam accounted for up to 40 percent of the total spam received, compared to less than ten percent a year ago. Image spam has been significantly increasing for the last few months and various kinds of spam, typically pump-and-dump stocks, pharmacy and degree spam, are now sent as images rather than text. Image spam is typically three times the size of text based spam, so this represents a significant increase in the bandwidth used by spam messages.
The popularity of video on the Web will make it a target for hackers The increasing use of video formats on social networking sites such as MySpace, YouTube and VideoCodeZone will attract malware writers seeking to easily permeate a wide network. Unlike situations involving email attachments, most users will open media files without hesitation.
Furthermore, as video is an easy-to-use format, functionality such as padding, pop-up ads and URL redirects become ideal tools of destruction for malware writers. In combination, these issues make malicious coders likely to achieve a high degree of effectiveness with media malware.
The W32/Realor worm, discovered in early November 2006 by McAfee Avert Labs, is a recent incident of media malware. The worm could launch malicious Web sites without user prompting, potentially exposing users to bots or password-stealers loaded onto these sites. Other media malware such as Exploit-WinAmpPLS could silently install spyware with very little user interaction. As video-sharing networks on the Web proliferate, the potential capture of a large audience will incite malware writers to exploit these channels for monetary gain.
More mobile attacks
Mobile threats will continue to grow as platform convergence continues. The use of smartphone technology has played a pivotal role in the threat's transition from multifunction, semi-stationary PCs to palm-sized "wearable" devices. With increased connectivity through BlueTooth, SMS, instant messaging, email, WiFi, USB, audio, video and Web, there are more possibilities for cross device contamination.