Turns out that what happens in Las Vegas actually happens in at least a couple of other places as well - from a cybersecurity standpoint.
Residents of the Las Vegas, Memphis, and Charlotte metro areas are at substantially higher risk of data theft and other cybersecurity incidents compared to residents in more than four-dozen other areas in the US.
Cloud security vendor Coronet recently analyzed network connectivity and device related data in the 55 most populated areas in the country and found Wi-Fi and cellular networks — and the devices connecting to them — to be the most insecure in these three areas, the new study shows.
The risk level of a user, expressed in the form of a threat index score, was 10 on a scale of 10 in Las Vegas and 9.8 in both Memphis and Charlotte. People logging into websites or accessing cloud data in these designated market areas (DMAs) were most at risk of experiencing security incidents than anywhere else in the country.
"While in Las Vegas there was a 43% probability of users connecting to medium-risk or high-risk networks, in the least vulnerable cities the average probability was less than one percent," says Dror Liwer, Coronet's founder and CISO. "While in Memphis 7% of devices had no malware protection, the national average was 0.2%," he says.
Other risky cities and areas included Houston (9.2), Providence, RI (9.0), Birmingham, AL (9.0), and Jacksonville, FL (8.9). Rounding off the list of the Top 10 most insecure locations were three market areas in Florida — West Palm Beach-Ft. Pierce (8.9), Orlando-Daytona Beach (8.5), and Tampa–St. Petersburg–Sarasota (8.3).
For purposes of the ranking, Coronet considered any region with a threat index of 6.5 or less to be at an acceptable level of risk. By that metric, the least vulnerable metro in America from a cybersecurity standpoint in Coronet's list was the Richmond-Petersburg area in Virginia with a threat index of just 5.8.
Others in the Top 5 least vulnerable market areas were Greensboro-Winston Salem (6.2); Norfolk-Portsmouth-Newport News (6.2); Seattle-Tacoma (6.3) and St. Louis (6.3).
To arrive at the rankings, Coronet analyzed data collected from more than one million PCs, mobile devices, and tablets running its SecureCloud endpoint software. The collected data included device posture information as well as threat, attack, and vulnerability data gathered from the cellular and Wi-Fi networks to which the devices connected.
Coronet scored connectivity infrastructure based on factors like vulnerabilities and misconfigurations that were present on them as well on metrics like wrong routing and spoofing. Among the issues the company looked at were risks posed by captive portals, rogue access points, and honeypots. Devices were scored based on things like the presence or absence of active and updated anti-malware tools, active and updated firewalls, password protection, disk and storage encryption, and operating system integrity.
The company then combined and standardized the infrastructure vulnerability score with the device vulnerability score in each region to arrive at the overall Threat Index Score using a risk score range of 1 to 10, where 10 represented the highest risk and 1 the lowest.
So why are some regions more risky than others from a security standpoint? It has a lot to do with the presence of more threat actors and activity in certain regions than others, Liwer says. "The main issue is not so much the carriers or network providers that are mostly standardized, but rather, the presence of malicious actors," Liwer says. "While the coffee chain network is configured the same way in [most] of its locations, the fact that three of its locations in Las Vegas are under attack has impact on the probability that users will connect to a malicious node."
Coronet identified several factors as contributing to heightened threat activity in certain regions of the country. For instance, locations in which there are a lot of defense, financial services companies, manufacturing activity and aerospace firms — like the Tampa-St. Petersburg area and Jacksonville – generally tend to see heightened levels of threat activity.
Fast-growing metro regions and tourist destinations like the Orlando-Daytona DMA tend to be risky as well. For instance, more than 60 million people visited the Central Florida region in a 12-month period flooding the area with unsafe devices from around the world and making them a target for attackers, Coronet said.
Regions with aged or aging populations tend to attract a higher than average amount of threat activity as well. The West Palm Beach-Fort Pierce area with its large population of mostly older, wealthy and likely digitally unsophisticated residents makes for an attractive target for criminals as well.
The factors that make a region safer than others are less clear. For instance, the Seattle-Tacoma area, which ranked as the fourth safest in the Coronet report, is one of the most high tech regions in the country. But threat activity here is relatively low compared to areas with a similar high-tech profile. One reason could be because the state of Washington operates one of the most efficient cybersecurity agencies in the country. Similarly, the reason why St. Louis ranked as the fifth least vulnerable region in the country could have to do with presence of Missouri Cybersecurity Center.
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