In an interview with the state-run news organization Xinhua on Sunday, an unidentified spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that "[The] accusation that the Chinese government participated in cyber attack, either in an explicit or inexplicit way, is groundless and aims to denigrate China."
While Google has not accused the Chinese government of direct involvement in the cyber attacks that affected it and some 33 other companies, its decision to stop cooperating with Chinese censorship rules has been widely seen as a stand against the challenging business environment faced by foreign companies in China.
China meanwhile insists that it is the biggest victim of hacking attacks.
Last week, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton spoke at length on the importance of Internet freedom and noted that last year, China, Tunisia, and Uzbekistan "stepped up their censorship of the Internet."
She asked U.S. businesses to support the U.S. government's effort to oppose censorship. "[W]e are urging U.S. media companies to take a proactive role in challenging foreign governments' demands for censorship and surveillance," she said. "The private sector has a shared responsibility to help safeguard free expression. And when their business dealings threaten to undermine this freedom, they need to consider what's right, not simply what's a quick profit."
Getting businesses to put principles above profit may prove difficult. Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer has criticized Google's threat to leave China as an irrational business decision. He has referred to the situation as the "Google problem" rather than a challenge faced by any foreign business trying to operate in China.
According to Reuters, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates apparently shares that view, stating in an interview on Good Morning America that "The Chinese efforts to censor the Internet have been very limited."
In a statement on an official Chinese government Web site, a government spokesperson said, "China is willing to cooperate and exchange opinions on issues about Internet development and management with other countries, but opposes firmly to any defiance of Chinese laws, or intervening Chinese domestic affairs under the pretense of 'Internet management' regardless of the truth."