More than 2.5 billion records were compromised via data breaches last year. When measured against the Ponemon Institute's estimated average cost of $148 per breached record, that figure equates to $370 billion in business losses. Each year, the average cost of data breaches is rising, according to Ponemon, and many experts say that threat actors aiming to compromise business and personal data are growing increasingly aggressive.
Exacerbating this issue is the emergence of stringent data privacy regulations in recent years. The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which was went into effect earlier this year, is the broadest, but a wide range of countries across the globe, and numerous states in the US are launching similar laws that regulate how data is processed, stored, and protected, elevating data protection beyond IT and information security departments and into the boardroom.
Under GDPR, any organization that sells goods or services to EU citizens, or processes their data, is required to comply, including implementing "appropriate technical and organizational measures to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk." With today's sophisticated hacking, phishing, and social engineering tactics. Even strong passwords are no longer enough to meet this requirement or prevent a breach. To deal with the varying levels of system interactions and associated risk profiles, businesses must reassess their customer-facing security requirements. This is where multifactor authentication, the use of more than one means to authenticate a user's identity, is playing a critical role.
The Challenge of Customer-Facing Security
Consumers are placing greater emphasis on brand trust in their purchasing decisions and will judge that trust largely on the extent to which the brand secures their data. At the same time, they still expect a seamless experience that allows them to make online transactions from any device, anytime, anywhere.
And while multifactor authentication has been widely adopted by many businesses, rolling it out can be complicated and difficult, particularly in maintaining ease of use and access for customers. If security becomes a barrier, people will either look for a different provider or begin looking for ways to circumvent the security system. When this happens, the authentication system becomes less secure.
The perfectly usable system isn't secure at all, but it seems the perfectly secure system isn't usable at all. How do businesses reconcile the need to implement multiple controls for security and compliance, with the demand from consumers to provide ease of use?
Steps to Strong Customer Authentication
The best approach to designing multifactor authentication is to start with user needs and work inward. The implementation team should ask questions including these:
- In the customer journey, how are the interactions and transactions connected?
- How could fake customer accounts crop up?
- Where are the compliance gaps?
It's also important to examine business process and lock down existing security holes before new methods are implemented, so that customer-facing authentication controls are instituted as part of a broader security architecture. Below are 10 steps to enable a seamless implementation.
Step 1: Goal setting. Determine what business problem the organization is trying to solve and which regulations apply. Evaluate the sector-specific compliance requirements and best practices equally against the customer impact. Goals should be set based on the adage: "Fast, cheap, or good — pick two out of three."
Step 2: Situation analysis. Outline the entire customer journey and touchpoints to identify burning issues, assess threat levels, and determine where vulnerabilities exist. Consider which elements — such as password resets, purchases, account info changes — need the most security.
Step3: Research. Look for information on best practices from experts in the field, including consultants, analysts, and solution providers. Determine what is relevant to the results of the situation analysis.
Step 4: Provider selection. With clear business needs in hand, evaluate vendors by which ones can meet those specific needs. Don't fall in love with a vendor or a solution and then attempt to reverse-engineer the project.
Step 5: Implementation planning. Determine which stakeholders across the organization need to participate in the planning, and what resources will be needed to deploy the technology. Set milestones and timelines to keep the project on track.
Step 6: Testing. Decide what conditions should be met in the testing phase. Implement test cases and A/B testing on subsets of users on particular use cases, and then analyze the results to refine the program as needed.
Step 7: User education. Existing customers should be notified ahead of time that new security controls are being added, and why. Be sure to provide an avenue for customers so submit concerns and questions. It's also important to offer customers a variety of potential multifactor authentication options and let them choose. As much as possible, let them set up their preferred method before it takes effect.
Step 8: Deployment. Once testing is complete, adjustments have been made and users have been given the opportunity to express concerns, full deployment can move forward. Have a back-up plan in case of unforeseen problems.
Step 9: Monitoring. Enable monitoring for measurable outcomes that map back to goals, and allow stakeholders to follow and check-in on how the program is progressing/running. It is critical to monitor key indicators including error rates and customer satisfaction scores.
Step 10: Maintain. Security is not a one-and-done endeavor. It is a continually iterative process that must stay apace with new threats and risks. Maintain a security program that is adaptable to changes in the consumer, regulatory and cybersecurity landscapes.
Striking the right balance between security and usability is the only way businesses can ensure ongoing consumer trust in their brand, meet the obligations they face under new regulations, and keep customers happy. The steps above are key to successfully executing a new multifactor authentication program, but organizations must also work toward establishing proactive attitudes toward trust and privacy. A strong internal culture of security along with a holistic approach will go a long way toward avoiding breaches and harsh penalties from regulators.
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