Five members of APT41, an attack group with alleged ties to China, have been charged for their roles in computer intrusion campaigns targeting more than 100 organizations around the world, the Department of Justice reports. Two of their co-conspirators have been arrested in Malaysia.
Security researchers have tracked their attacks using threat labels including APT41, Barium, Winnti, Wicked Panda, and Wicked Spider. These campaigns facilitated the use of source code, software code signing certificates, customer account data, and valuable business information. They also enabled defendants' other criminal activity, including ransomware and cryptojacking.
Their intrusions affected more than 100 victim companies in the US and around the world, including software development firms, computer hardware manufacturers, telecom providers, social media companies, video game companies, nonprofit organizations, universities, think tanks, foreign governments, as well as pro-democracy politicians and activists in Hong Kong.
In August 2019 and 2020, a federal grand jury in Washington, DC, returned two indictments charging Zhang Haoran, Tan Dailin, Jiang Lizhi, Qian Chuan, and Fu Qiang, all of whom were residents and nationals of the People's Republic of China. All five defendants, one of whom allegedly claimed connections to the Chinese Ministry of State Security, are fugitives in China.
The US District Court for the District of Columbia issued arrest warrants for all of the charged defendants. In September 2020, it also issued seizure warrants that led to the seizure of accounts, servers, domain names, and command-and-control Web pages the defendants used to conduct the campaigns.
In August 2020, the same federal grand jury returned a separate indictment charging Wong Ong Hua and Ling Yang Ching, both Malaysian businessmen who allegedly conspired with two of the Chinese nationals to profit from attacks targeting video game companies in the US and abroad. The two were arrested by Malaysian authorities on Sept. 14, 2020.
Read the full Justice Department release for more details.