Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Threat Intelligence

6/14/2019
01:30 PM
50%
50%

Better Cybersecurity Research Requires More Data Sharing

Researchers at the Workshop on the Economics of Information Security highlight the cost savings of sharing cybersecurity data and push for greater access to information on breaches, attacks, and incidents.

Good data on attacker tactics, security incidents, and breaches is key to identifying trends in cybersecurity, but datasets — even among academic researchers — are often not made public and just as often are of poor quality, according to security researchers who presented their conclusions at the annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) conference.  

In a previous sampling of some 965 papers, a group of researchers from the University of Tulsa found that only 6% created their own datasets and made them public. Yet the value of such data exceeds $663 million just in cost savings to subsequent research efforts, according to a paper presented at the WEIS conference by the same group.

"There is a lot of value there," says Tyler Moore, one of the authors and an associate professor of cybersecurity at the Tandy School of Computer Science at the University of Tulsa. "Cybersecurity research datasets do create a lot of value by making the data available to other researchers."

Data is key to a variety of initiatives in cybersecurity. From training machine-learning systems to detect threats to analyzing whether breach regulations actually results in better defenses, researchers and security professionals need more and better datasets. 

Yet sharing of data — even among researchers — does not happen often enough, says Sam Ransbotham, co-chairman of the WEIS 2019 conference and associate professor of the Carroll School of Management at Boston College.

"Everyone wants to use these datasets, but no one wants to create them and release them," he says. "Companies want to show you all the cool stuff that they have done, but ask for their security data and that is a problem."

Seven years after their original research into the costs of breaches, a group of researchers from the University of Cambridge pulled together the best data on current breach costs. The data is very scattershot and authoritative information is still not available, but the researchers are doing the best with the information they can obtain, Ransbotham says.

"The problem, trying to get more data, goes throughout all the papers," he says. "None of this data is perfect. If you look at almost everything they talked about — and this is not negative — it is the current state of uncertainty."

The value of the data is significant, the University of Tulsa researchers found. In the paper they presented at the WEIS conference, Moore and the other researchers analyzed a collection of cybersecurity datasets funded by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and known as IMPACT; they found that almost 2,300 people have requested data from the system. With the average dataset valued at $291,000 in saved costs, those requests total $663 million. 

"The research community has to decide what our norms will be and what our values are," Moore says. "There should be a default to make data sets available in order to view research as a scientific contribution."

In previous research, Moore and other University of Tulsa researchers found that of a sample of 965 research papers, 55% used data in some form. About 44% of those papers using data did not create their own dataset, while 56% did. Yet only 6% of 965 papers both created their own data and publicly shared that data, according to the University of Tulsa research.

That leaves many researchers struggling to find creative ways to use existing data sets to produce new insights, says Boston College's Ransbotham.

"These are people using trace data in some new and clever ways," he says. "They are trying to figure out stuff from the data that is leaked out there in ways that are new."

For many researchers, the problem is that sharing data gives no significant payoff. However, the University of Tulsa team found that a slight benefit: Research papers that included public datasets were cited an additional four times per year, which is small but significant, Tyler says. 

Still, that may not be enough to convince many researchers to share, he acknowledges.

"There needs to be a recognition in the community to share more widely, but how do we get there?" he says. "It would be great to have benefactors because right now you only have a very small amount of money from DHS."

Related Content:

Veteran technology journalist of more than 20 years. Former research engineer. Written for more than two dozen publications, including CNET News.com, Dark Reading, MIT's Technology Review, Popular Science, and Wired News. Five awards for journalism, including Best Deadline ... View Full Bio
 

Recommended Reading:

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Threaded  |  Newest First  |  Oldest First
tdsan
50%
50%
tdsan,
User Rank: Ninja
6/30/2019 | 8:02:07 AM
This datasharing site came from Dark Reading
https://www.cisecurity.org/ms-isac/ (Center for Internet Security), this is a data-sharing site you were referring to.

 Todd
Commentary
What the FedEx Logo Taught Me About Cybersecurity
Matt Shea, Head of Federal @ MixMode,  6/4/2021
Edge-DRsplash-10-edge-articles
A View From Inside a Deception
Sara Peters, Senior Editor at Dark Reading,  6/2/2021
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon
Current Issue
The State of Cybersecurity Incident Response
In this report learn how enterprises are building their incident response teams and processes, how they research potential compromises, how they respond to new breaches, and what tools and processes they use to remediate problems and improve their cyber defenses for the future.
Flash Poll
How Enterprises are Developing Secure Applications
How Enterprises are Developing Secure Applications
Recent breaches of third-party apps are driving many organizations to think harder about the security of their off-the-shelf software as they continue to move left in secure software development practices.
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2021-31811
PUBLISHED: 2021-06-12
In Apache PDFBox, a carefully crafted PDF file can trigger an OutOfMemory-Exception while loading the file. This issue affects Apache PDFBox version 2.0.23 and prior 2.0.x versions.
CVE-2021-31812
PUBLISHED: 2021-06-12
In Apache PDFBox, a carefully crafted PDF file can trigger an infinite loop while loading the file. This issue affects Apache PDFBox version 2.0.23 and prior 2.0.x versions.
CVE-2021-32552
PUBLISHED: 2021-06-12
It was discovered that read_file() in apport/hookutils.py would follow symbolic links or open FIFOs. When this function is used by the openjdk-16 package apport hooks, it could expose private data to other local users.
CVE-2021-32553
PUBLISHED: 2021-06-12
It was discovered that read_file() in apport/hookutils.py would follow symbolic links or open FIFOs. When this function is used by the openjdk-17 package apport hooks, it could expose private data to other local users.
CVE-2021-32554
PUBLISHED: 2021-06-12
It was discovered that read_file() in apport/hookutils.py would follow symbolic links or open FIFOs. When this function is used by the xorg package apport hooks, it could expose private data to other local users.