The Credential Authentication Technology/Boarding Pass Scanning System (CAT/BPSS) is being tested at Washington's Dulles International Airport, and the pilot program will be expanded to Houston's George Bush Intercontinental and Luis Munoz Marin International Airport in Puerto Rico within the next few weeks.
The new systems cost about $100,000 each, or $3 million for an initial rollout of 30 machines. They will take the place of "lights and loupes" and other low-tech approaches to screening, according to Bob Burns, social media analyst with TSA's office of strategic communications and public affairs.
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The need for an ID verification system was highlighted by several incidents in which travelers boarded planes without proper identification or with boarding passes that didn't belong to them. Last year, a Nigerian man boarded a plane from New York to Los Angeles using an invalid ID and a boarding pass issued to another person. A week later, he was caught trying to fly from Los Angeles to Atlanta--again, with invalid ID. FBI agents found 10 expired boarding passes in his possession.
CAT/BPSS is designed to detect fake boarding passes and falsified IDs. The scanner compares machine-readable and human-readable data from a traveler's ID with the boarding pass and verifies that neither has been altered. The system can be used with boarding passes printed on a PC or issued by the airlines, or paperless boarding passes sent to passengers' mobile devices.
Acceptable forms of ID, including passports, drivers' licenses, and permanent resident cards, carry encoded data in the form of barcodes, magnetic stripes, embedded circuits, or machine-readable text. The system also captures and displays the traveler's photograph. After verification, the data is deleted from the CAT/BPSS system.
Passengers will hand their IDs to TSA agents, who will scan them while the passengers self-scan their boarding passes. The new system shouldn't slow down the plane-boarding process, Burns wrote on the TSA blog.
Public comments on the TSA blog reflect a variety of concerns. Some maintain that merely allowing an undocumented traveler to board a plane isn't a threat to security. Others complain about government intrusion and cost.
The new system was subjected to a privacy impact assessment, which concluded it presented no greater threat to privacy than existing screening methods, according to Burns. Last year, TSA was forced to adapt its airport body scanners to show only the outlines of a person's body, after a public uproar over detailed images.
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