Senators Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) and Orrin Hatch (R-UT) today introduced the International Cybercrime Reporting and Cooperation Act -- a new bill designed to discourage foreign cybercrime and encourage international cooperation among cybercrime law enforcement agencies.
"If we're going to protect our networks, our infrastructure, our economy and our families, we have to go after cyber criminals wherever they may be -- and it must be an international effort," Sen. Gillibrand said.
"Our new legislation will require the president to provide a global assessment, identify threats from abroad, work with other countries to crack down on their own cyber criminals, and urge the President to cut off U.S. assistance and resources for countries that refuse to take responsibility for cybersecurity," Gillibrand explained. "Our legislation will make America safer by getting tough on cybercrime globally, and coordinating with our partners in the international community."
Cisco, HP, Microsoft, Symantec, PayPal, eBay, McAfee, American Express, Mastercard, Visa, and Facebook all stated publicly that they support the legislation.
The bill would require the President to annually report to Congress on the state of countries' use of IT in critical infrastructure, the extent of cybercrime based in each country, the adequacy of each country's cyber law enforcement systems, and countries' protection of consumers and commerce online. The President would also report on multilateral efforts to prevent and investigate cybercrime.
The bill would require that programs designed to combat cybercrime be prioritized to countries with low IT penetration, in order to prevent such countries from becoming future cybercrime havens. Also, initiatives that aid in the development of critical infrastructure would be encouraged to include programs designed to combat cybercrime, "to ensure that such assistance is not inadvertently being used to build future crime havens," the senators said.
The bill would also require the President to identify countries of cyber concern, where there is significant, credible evidence that a pattern of cybercrime against the U.S. government or private entities. Countries that do not sufficiently address cybercrime would be identified through "investigations, prosecutions, bilateral or international cooperation, or appropriate legislation or similar measures."
For each country of cyber concern, the President would establish an action plan with benchmarks designed to assist the government of each country to improve its capacity to combat cybercrime. Countries of cyber concern that do not reach their benchmarks would face restrictions in financing, trade, or other assistance from the U.S..
The bill would also require the Secretary of State to designate a senior official at the State Department to coordinate and focus on activities, policies and opportunities to combat cybercrime internationally.
"Until countries begin to take the necessary steps to fight criminals within their borders, cybercrime havens will continue to flourish," Sen. Hatch said. "We don't have the luxury to sit back and do nothing."
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