If you feel like you’re overworked and that your security department is short-staffed, you’re probably not imagining it. Two reports were released recently, with less-than-encouraging statistics about the growing security skills shortage. Is there anything we can do to stem the tide?
ISACA’s Current Trends in Workforce Development sheds light on the problems companies are having staffing open positions. More than a quarter of enterprises find they are unable to hire the people they need, and those that are able to fill positions report that it takes more than six months to find the right applicant for the job. Almost half of those surveyed said they got fewer than ten applicants for each job listing and 64% of respondents said that not even half of those who applied were qualified for the position.
This means that there is a huge unmet need, which is causing a serious problem for businesses. In a recent study by Dimensional Research and Tripwire, only ten percent of organizations have the skills to address the full range of the most prevalent threats. Even when singling out ransomware - the threat that most organizations reported to be their biggest concern - only 44% of respondents said they had the skills in house needed to handle the problem.
The obvious answer to the skills shortfall is to increase both the quantity and quality of applicants. But with few schools offering computer science at the K-12 level, many students are unaware of information security as a career option. Those who start computer science studies at the college level often feel discouraged, as the learning curve is steep, especially compared to peers who have had earlier learning opportunities.
Still, there are a lot of options out there where we as security professionals can help bridge the gap.
Pay It Forward: Volunteer!
While encouraging overworked people to volunteer may seem counterproductive, getting kids interested in computers and security can be a fantastic antidote to burnout. There are a lot of national groups such as TEALS, Girls Who Code, Women’s Society of Cyberjutsu, and CoderDojo as well as local STEM events, hackathons and bootcamps that are in need of expert support.
Show Them the Money: Scholarships
The cost of formal education is growing at a rapid pace, which keeps interested people from getting the skills they need to join this industry. The good news is that there are a lot of scholarships that have been set up to encourage people to pursue an education in security. Several sites, such as (ISC)², CyberWatchWest and WiCYS maintain lists of resources for students seeking scholarships and internships. Security companies' and schools’ websites also may also offer information on additional financial resources. The second annual “ESET Women in Cybersecurity Scholarship,” will be taking applications through March 15th.
Uncover Untapped Resources: Diversity
A lot has been said about the lack of diversity in the security industry. While this is problematic, it’s also represents a huge opportunity, as it points to an untapped resource for attracting new talent. National groups like Code2040 and Black Girls Code are helping to cultivate the next generation of developers.
The ISACA report highlights another source of potential new hires that the industry may be overlooking: people who have neither formal education nor professional certifications in security. If someone has other important skills for the job at hand and technical aptitude or interest in security, but lacks more traditional qualifications, they may be automatically weeded out.
Some of the brightest people that I’ve known in the security industry came to it as a departure from a very different career path. People seem to have forgotten that not all security positions require a graduate degree in computer science, and that the necessary experience can be gained on the job. By making significant changes now, we can avoid the projected shortfall of 1.8 million professionals in 2022.