The Xen project was an open source hypervisor that originated at Cambridge University, with the first release of the system coming 10 years ago. XenSource, the company eventually spun out of the project, was acquired by Citrix in 2007 for £334 million ($500 million). The technology is a key component of cloud services like that of Rackspace and Amazon's EC2.
The good news for those worried that British software entrepreneurs are just interested in cashing out, not building long-term value, last year the XenSource team popped up with a new operation: Bromium, which claims to offer a unique virtual machine approach to endpoint IT security.
[ Want to know more about this approach to security? See Bromium Strengthens Desktop Security Using Virtualization. ]
Specifically, we are talking about Ian Pratt, one-time senior lecturer at Cambridge's Computer Laboratory, who is now senior VP of products at Bromium, CTO Simon Crosby, and Gaurav Banga, described as co-founder, president and CEO.
"After Xen, I got interested in the idea of looking at what virtualization could do at the desktop or client end, not the server," Pratt told Information Week.
But not virtual desktops; instead, fixing endpoint security. The idea: by using something called the Bromium Microvisor, which the team claims is "second-generation virtualization technology," the user's machine session effectively becomes its own virtual machine (VM), or rather set of such VMs, though allegedly the user enjoys an unchanged desktop user experience. Thus, claimed the company's VP of marketing, Franklyn Jones, "We never do detection; because everyone knows antivirus and network monitoring just doesn't work. Our approach does."
The company is twin-headquartered in Cupertino, Calif., and Cambridge, England, though it seems the bulk of the actual development work takes place in the latter site; Pratt says there are 35 developers in his lab there.
Bromium says the Microvisor automatically identifies each vulnerable task and instantly hardware-isolates it within a micro VM, which is a "lightweight, hardware-backed isolation container that polices access to all OS services and resources," running on Microsoft Windows 7 and 8, Windows Server, Windows XP, terminal services, Explorer and Office environments. Micro VMs run natively with full performance, but continually protect the desktop, even from unknown threats, claims the team, which markets the technology as vSentry.
Pratt and his colleagues seem to have accumulated enough credibility via the XenSource-Citrix move for their startup to get some actual money, too. In June last year, the company announced it had raised £17.8 million ($26.5 million) in Series B funding from lead investor Highland Capital Partners, new investor Intel Capital and existing investors Andreessen Horowitz and Ignition Ventures.
Though it's still early days, Bromium has landed a very prestigious customer: the New York Stock Exchange. Sunil Seshadri, SVP & chief information security officer at NYSE Euronext, said in a statement, "vSentry is an intriguing product because of its unique ability to isolate and analyze the potential impact of very real attacks on your network. It's almost like performing preventative forensics, which is a very innovative capability, and incredibly valuable in today's carefully guarded corporate networks."
A new report from information security research and advisory company NSS Labs backs up Bromium's claims. Its independent field testing found Bromium vSentry fended off 100% of attacks on a protected Windows 7 client. These attacks included 166 embedded exploits delivered via email to Microsoft Outlook, 153 drive-by attacks delivered via HTTP and HTTPS, and 15 advanced attacks using the Metasploit penetration testing toolset.
Jones said buyers and analysts have to be educated a bit more about what Bromium does. "When we talk about what we do, people say 'Oh, it's a sandbox' or 'Oh, you mean it's whitelisting,'" he said. "We don't do either of those, so it will take a bit of time for the traditional thinking to open up." Another clear marketing challenge is that because security is a notoriously close-mouthed area, it may be a struggle to get compelling case studies out there.
Nonetheless, this does seem like an interesting approach -- and security could do with more tools than constantly updating antivirus software databases.