Microsoft today released 93 fixes and two advisories as part of its monthly Patch Tuesday update. Of these, 64 were categorized as Important in severity and 29 were ranked Critical.
Patching priority should be given to two "wormable" remote code execution (RCE) vulnerabilities that could allow future malware to spread across vulnerable machines without user interaction.
CVE-2019-1181 and CVE-2019-1182 affect Windows 8.1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, and all supported versions of Windows 10, including server versions. They do not affect Windows XP, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008, or the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) itself. Like the BlueKeep RDP vulnerability patched this year, both could let an attacker remotely install and spread malware.
The vulnerabilities exist in Remote Desktop Services, formerly known as Terminal Services, when an unauthenticated attacker connects to a target system using RDP and sends specially crafted requests. Because they don't require authentication or user interaction, an attacker could install programs; view, edit, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
To exploit CVE-2019-1181 and CVE-2019-1182, an attacker would have to use RDP to send a specially crafted request to the target system's RDS. Today's update corrects how Remote Desktop Services handles connection requests. Neither bug has been seen in the wild.
"These vulnerabilities were discovered by Microsoft during hardening of Remote Desktop Services as part of our continual focus on strengthening the security of our products," writes Simon Pope, director of incident response for Microsoft's Security Response Center. "At this time, we have no evidence that these vulnerabilities were known to any third party."
Pope also points to a "partial mitigation" on affected systems with Network Level Authentication (NLA) enabled. Because NLA requires authentication before the flaw can be exploited, these systems are protected from wormable malware, he says. However, they are still vulnerable to RCE if attackers possess valid credentials they can use to authenticate.
Those aside, patches issued today address bugs in Windows, Edge, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office Services and Web Apps, ChakraCore, Azure DevOps Server, Visual Studio, Online Services, and Microsoft Dynamics. None were publicly known or under attack.
Another vulnerability worth noting is CVE-2019-1201, a Critical RCE bug in Microsoft Word resulting from improper handling of objects in memory. An attacker could exploit this by creating a specially crafted Word file and convincing a victim to open it, either by attaching it to an email or hosting it on a malicious website. Outlook's Reading/Preview Pane is an attack vector, meaning victims wouldn't have to open an attachment to be exploited; they could simply view the email. If successful, an attacker could achieve the same permissions a target user has on the system.
It was a big month for patching, especially RCE vulnerabilities: Microsoft also fixed RCE bugs in the Chakra Scripting Engine, Microsoft Graphics, Hyper-V, Outlook, Word, the Windows DHCP client, Scripting Engine, and the VBScript Engine.