Financial Consulting Firm Fixes Security Flaws

InCharge Institute of America runs F5 Networks's BIG-IP Application Security Manager to shore up security

Mark Nagiel's first task as the new vice president of IT at InCharge Institute of America was to conduct a security audit. He found that the company had done a good job securing its perimeter, guarding information in its databases, tracking intrusion activities, and educating employees on key security issues. But he also discovered some gaping holes in the financial consulting firm's defenses.

Turns out data was flowing over the company’s port 80, which is used for Web traffic, as well as over port 443, which supports Secure Sockets Layer information. And some of InCharge's internally developed applications hadn't been properly bulletproofed.

InCharge, a nonprofit focused mainly on supplying credit counseling and debt management advice to consumers through its InCharge Debt Solutions program, has more custom application development than many other organizations because its business is so multi-faceted. It has several offshoot businesses, including, which helps clients monitor and examine up-to-date credit information, and the InCharge Educational Foundation, which offers educational products and services so individuals understand their personal financial needs.

Sealing up InCharge's newfound security holes was important because the company, which has 50,000 to 100,000 customers in various stages of rectifying their credit problems, deals with sensitive personal information such as credit card and Social Security numbers. Because it works with financial data, the nonprofit also must comply with various data security regulations for the privacy and the protection of a person’s financial data. “We are treated differently in almost every state, ranging from states where there is no regulatory control to New York where we are audited on annual basis, just like Bank of America,” Nagiel says.

Nagiel didn't just take his own word for potential problems in the company's security architecture -- he hired a third-party consulting firm to probe the weak spots as well. The firm found cross-site scripting, cookie poisoning, SQL/OS injection, as well as the open port 80 and port 443 vulnerabilities. Although these flaws hadn't led to any data being compromised, they were found in some of the company’s applications.

InCharge, with the help of the consultants, ended up selecting F5 Networks's BIG-IP Application Security Manager (ASM) to remedy its security weaknesses. One appealing feature, according to the company, was the auto-adaptive approach where the system passively monitors traffic patterns, identifies where changes need to be made, and updates security policies based on the observed traffic patterns.

The financial services company got the BIG-IP ASM up and running quickly in late 2005, but the more challenging step was revamping the company’s application development processes, Nagiel says. It was difficult for the nonprofit's software engineers to adapt to building their applications with security in mind.

Today, new software releases and upgrades include tighter security checks. And InCharge's IT systems have a better security reputation now. Each year, the Credit Bureau audits InCharge’s business processes: “The first year, they spent time examining our DMZ,” Nagiel says. “After we implemented ASM, they spent no time there because they felt the F5 system enabled us to close up any possible vulnerability.”

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About the Author(s)

Kelly Jackson Higgins, Editor-in-Chief, Dark Reading

Kelly Jackson Higgins is the Editor-in-Chief of Dark Reading. She is an award-winning veteran technology and business journalist with more than two decades of experience in reporting and editing for various publications, including Network Computing, Secure Enterprise Magazine, Virginia Business magazine, and other major media properties. Jackson Higgins was recently selected as one of the Top 10 Cybersecurity Journalists in the US, and named as one of Folio's 2019 Top Women in Media. She began her career as a sports writer in the Washington, DC metropolitan area, and earned her BA at William & Mary. Follow her on Twitter @kjhiggins.

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