Maximize Cybersecurity Returns: 5 Key Steps to Enhancing ROI

Cybersecurity isn't a one-time task. It's an ongoing effort that needs regular checks, updates, and teamwork.

Raghu Nandakumara, Head of Industry Solutions

November 20, 2023

3 Min Read
A die with these words printed on the three visible sides: RISK, ROI, INVEST
Source: Michael Burrell via Alamy Stock Photo


Cyber threats are continually evolving in complexity and sophistication, underscoring the need for organizations to be proactive in defending their invaluable digital assets. The traditional approach of putting up virtual walls around the on-premises data center becomes outdated and ineffective as companies migrate more data and IT systems to the cloud. Particularly at a time when leadership is scrutinizing the impact of every dollar spent, it's important for security teams to ensure they're investing in solutions that build cyber resilience.

Obtaining the best return on investment (ROI) is not solely about procuring the latest technology and tools. Here are five steps any organization can take to realize the maximum value from its cybersecurity investments and implement a comprehensive and effective cybersecurity strategy.

  1. Define objectives: Before committing resources, it's crucial for organizations to understand what they desire from their cybersecurity investments. No matter how technologically advanced, any tool is only as good as the strategy behind its deployment. Organizations must set distinct and tangible goals, such as achieving enhanced network transparency, thwarting ransomware, or shortening incident response times. With clear objectives in place, resource allocation becomes more purpose-driven and strategic.

  2. Conduct a comprehensive risk assessment: Understanding your current cybersecurity posture is the first step toward improving it. Ask questions like: Which threats loom largest on the horizon? Which organizational assets find themselves in the crosshairs of these threats? What avenues are attackers most likely to use to penetrate our defenses? Use the answers to develop a quantifiable cyber-risk score. Frameworks like the one the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has created can be invaluable in this process. Additionally, implement tools and best practices that provide deep insights into the network's structure to identify potential vulnerabilities and integral network connections. Then, you can implement the right solutions to reduce risk and build resilience.

  3. Incorporate cybersecurity objectives into broader business goals: Cybersecurity should never operate in isolation. When security goals resonate with the business's aspirations, gaining buy-in from senior management, including the C-suite and the board, becomes easier. It fosters a climate of shared responsibility and collective engagement, streamlining the implementation and augmenting the impact of security protocols. It's critical to present security as a growth facilitator rather than just a necessary cost center.

  4. Establish practical and measurable KPIs: The allure of a quick fix or a silver bullet solution is undeniable — and unrealistic. Setting tangible and achievable key performance indicators (KPIs) is essential when gauging the efficacy of security investments. Defining a realistic evaluation period, such as six months, within which to achieve a specific, relevant outcome can offer a clear window to measure returns and assess impact, allowing organizations to make more informed, data-driven future decisions.

  5. Evaluate vendors thoroughly: Organizations should be examining solutions that can address various security challenges, demanding evidence and demonstrations that substantiate vendor claims, and proactively discussing how vendors can support organizational goals within defined timelines. Third-party validations and tests, primarily from esteemed agencies such as analyst firms like Forrester and Gartner or penetration testers like Bishop Fox, can add an extra layer of credibility to vendor claims.

Cybersecurity isn't a one-time task. It's an ongoing effort that needs regular checks, updates, and teamwork. It's not just about keeping your organization safe; it's about positioning your business for success over the short and long terms.

That's why it's vital to get the most from your cybersecurity investments, particularly during a period of economic uncertainty, where senior leadership closely scrutinizes every dollar spent and expects maximum return on those investments. Following the five strategies covered here ensures that your investments match your organization's specific needs and provide real value.

About the Author(s)

Raghu Nandakumara

Head of Industry Solutions, Illumio

Raghu Nandakumara is Head of Industry Solutions at Illumio, the Zero Trust Segmentation company. Based in London, UK, Raghu is responsible for helping customers and prospects across a variety of industries build resilience and accelerate zero trust outcomes with zero-trust segmentation.Previously, Raghu spent 15 years at Citibank, where he held a number of network security operations and engineering roles. Most recently, he served as a senior vice president, where he was responsible for defining strategy, engineering, and delivery of solutions to secure Citi's private, public, and hybrid cloud environments.Raghu holds an undergraduate degree in mathematics and computer science from the University of Cambridge, and a master's degree in advanced computing from Imperial College London. 

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