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Killed By Code: The FDA And Implantable Devices Security

A new report from the Software Freedom Law Center deals with the security implications of bionic medical devices being implanted into the human body.

Gadi Evron

July 26, 2010

2 Min Read

A new report from the Software Freedom Law Center deals with the security implications of bionic medical devices being implanted into the human body.The report, called "Killed by Code: Software Transparency in Implantable Medical Devices," was written by researchers Karen Sandler, Lysandra Ohrstrom, Laura Moy, and Robert McVay. They have done a superb job, and I am very excited about it.

A choice quote from the abstract:

"The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for evaluating the risks of new devices and monitoring the safety and efficacy of those currently on market. However, the agency is unlikely to scrutinize the software operating on devices during any phase of the regulatory process unless a model that has already been surgically implanted repeatedly malfunctions or is recalled. The FDA has issued 23 recalls of defective devices during the first half of 2010, all of which are categorized as Class I, meaning there is 'reasonable probability that use of these products will cause serious adverse health consequences or death.' At least six of the recalls were likely caused by software defects."

Not by design -- although I am not complaining -- I am considered the father of the field of what I refer to as Bionic Hacking (others prefer cybernetic hacking). Having evangelized the subject matter for some years now, this is why I am especially happy to see this research released.

The four researchers warn that the FDA's lack of regulation and flexibility are creating potentially immense future liability; issues such as a vendor not being there to correct a future vulnerability is a main concern:

"At the very least, we urge the FDA to establish a repository of medical device software running on implanted IMDs in order to ensure continued access to source code in the event of a catastrophic failure, such as the bankruptcy of a device manufacturer"

While I am happy this realm of security is getting more attention, I hope the FDA is more serious than the security industry. I can't help but be skeptical that before some sort of disaster happens, whether to us or someone else, the controls put in place will be inadequate, to say the least.

Follow Gadi Evron on Twitter: http://twitter.com/gadievron.

Gadi Evron is an independent security strategist based in Israel. Special to Dark Reading.

About the Author(s)

Gadi Evron

CEO & Founder, Cymmetria, head of Israeli CERT, Chairman, Cyber Threat Intelligence Alliance

Gadi is CEO and founder of Cymmetria, a cyber deception startup and chairman of the Israeli CERT. Previously, he was vice president of cybersecurity strategy for Kaspersky Lab and led PwC's Cyber Security Center of Excellence, located in Israel. He is widely recognized for his work in Internet security and global incident response, and considered the first botnet expert. Gadi was CISO for the Israeli government Internet operation, founder of the Israeli Government CERT and a research fellow at Tel Aviv University, working on cyber warfare projects. Gadi authored two books on information security, organizes global professional working groups, chairs worldwide conferences, and is a frequent lecturer.

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