New research suggests that the strategy for many companies to reduce application security risk is to simply stack up on multiple tools and hope they do the job.
Radware recently surveyed some 300 senior executives, security researchers, app developers, and IT professionals from organizations with worldwide operations. The survey focused on the types of application security technologies that organizations are deploying; responsibility for the AppSec function; the most prevalent threats and other topics related to Web application security.
The security vendor discovered that a high percentage of organizations are using an array of technologies — not always optimized for interoperability — to try and keep AppSec risks low.
Seventy-five percent in the survey had a Web Application Firewall (WAF), 63% a cloud WAF service, 59% did code reviews and 53% were using tools for dynamic application security testing (DAST), static testing (SAST) and runtime application self protection (RASP). More than half of those using containers also had container security tools including those specific to Docker.
"While this may sound promising, it feels like organizations are taking the 'spaghetti on the wall' approach," to application security Radware said in a blog this week. "They hope that having multiple solutions in place will do the job."
And Radware's data showed that for a majority of companies, that strategy is not working especially well, at least in terms of a breach mitigation standpoint. Ninety percent of the organizations that Radware surveyed had experienced an application security related data breach, and nearly the same proportion — 88% — reported application-level attacks throughout the year. The most common security issues included access violations, SQL-injection, DoS and protocol attacks, session/cookie poisoning, API manipulations, and cross-site request forgery.
"We found that while embracing emerging technologies and concepts — and following all security practices — attacks happen [because] organizations struggle to adjust the required structures, roles, processes, and skillsets," says Ben Zilberman, senior product marketing manager at Radware.
Containers, Microservices Proliferate
Radware found a majority of organizations have moved away from a predominantly monolithic application model to architectures that are more oriented towards microservices, containers, and serverless-infrastructures.
More than two-thirds (67%) had deployed microservices/containers, and 90% had a DevOps or DevSecOps team in place. Some of the organizations with DevSecOps teams said they had at least one DevSecOps professional for every six software developers. Others pegged the ratio at one for every 10.
The data suggests that many organizations are embracing new technologies and approaches to keep up with broader digital transformation goals. But attitudes towards security have still to catch up. DevOps teams focused on agility often settle for a "good enough" or even a "hell no" approach to security, Radware said.
Not surprisingly, while it's the CISO or CSO who's primarily responsible for enterprise security, at many organizations they are not the ones calling the shots on application security. Radware found that the broader IT department is still the main influencer for security tools selection, policy definition, and application security implementation. When it comes to tool selection, in fact, Radware found the CISO has less of a say than IT, the business owner, and the DevOps team.
"The fact that DevOps and security are still equal powers in terms of influence and [that] it's still IT that has the most weight in decision making" is surprising, says Zilberman.
False confidence in technology is another issue. Sixty-seven percent of the respondents in the Radware survey described open-source code as being more secure — though many have identified it as being one of the primary sources of security vulnerabilities in software. Sixty-eight percent felt that microservices provide for better security and 77% believed that going serverless would help improve proactive defense capabilities.
The biggest mistake that organizations are making is assuming that technology itself can solve all the problems, Zilberman notes. "To make the best use, they should engage security professionals better and let them be business enablers rather than pushing them off," he says.
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