Risk
2/19/2009
12:46 PM
Keith Ferrell
Keith Ferrell
Commentary
50%
50%

CAPTCHA Cnondrum: Automated Attacks Trump Human-Entry Defenses

Automated attacks aimed at bypassing CAPTCHA -- those squiggly characters you have to enter to access some blogs and e-mail -- are getting better and faster at overcoming anti-spam defenses. In other words, the machines are beating us at what was supposed to be our game.

Automated attacks aimed at bypassing CAPTCHA -- those squiggly characters you have to enter to access some blogs and e-mail -- are getting better and faster at overcoming anti-spam defenses. In other words, the machines are beating us at what was supposed to be our game.CAPTCHA -- Completely Automated Public Turing Test to Tell Computers and Humans Apart -- approach to granting access to humans only (theoretically only humans could read and enter the distorted characters) has run into increasing bot problems.

Bots, it turns out, and more specifically bot-makers, are pretty good at putting together coordinated attacks that decipher the CAPTCHA characters and -- presto! -- get access to the targeted service, create accounts on that service (Hotmail, for instance) and use that address to dispatch waves of spam.

The current bot approach is troubling not just for its ability to overcome CAPTCHA defenses, but also because communications between the bot and a central server are encrypted, raising the attack sophistication stakes another level. The server does the deciphering, the bot receives and then enters the deciphered characters.

CAPTCHA bypasses are nothing new, of course, nor is there a lot CAPTCHA makers can do, other than continue to refine and reinvent their defenses. (Don't know about you, but for my tastes the trend toward making CAPTCHA images more and more vague, fuzzy and distorted has gone about as far as it can go -- I've seen some that machines might be able to figure out, but that were beyond my ability to decipher and enter.)

Identity verification -- simple verification that you're a real person -- keeps hitting these walls, as recent news of a facial recognition technology hack shows.

The point of all this for small and midsize businesses -- unless you're in the CAPTCHA business -- is simple: the bad guys are smart, automated, sophisticated, but for botnets to work they must first get access to vulnerable machines. Sealing your defenses against compromise may not solve the CAPTCHA conundrum -- not sure anything can -- but it ensures that you and your company's computers won't, at lest, be part of the problem.

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Cartoon
Current Issue
Flash Poll
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2014-8617
Published: 2015-03-04
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the Web Action Quarantine Release feature in the WebGUI in Fortinet FortiMail before 4.3.9, 5.0.x before 5.0.8, 5.1.x before 5.1.5, and 5.2.x before 5.2.3 allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the release parameter to module/re...

CVE-2015-0891
Published: 2015-03-04
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Maroyaka CGI Maroyaka Simple Board allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2015-0892
Published: 2015-03-04
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Maroyaka CGI Maroyaka Image Album allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2015-0893
Published: 2015-03-04
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Maroyaka CGI Maroyaka Relay Novel allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2015-2209
Published: 2015-03-04
DLGuard 4.5 allows remote attackers to obtain the installation path via the c parameter to index.php.

Dark Reading Radio
Archived Dark Reading Radio
How can security professionals better engage with their peers, both in person and online? In this Dark Reading Radio show, we will talk to leaders at some of the security industry’s professional organizations about how security pros can get more involved – with their colleagues in the same industry, with their peers in other industries, and with the IT security community as a whole.