Attacks/Breaches

4/3/2018
06:40 PM
Connect Directly
Twitter
LinkedIn
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Criminals Targeting Magento Sites with Brute-Force Password Attacks

Flashpoint says it is aware of at least 1,000 sites using Magento's e-commerce platform that have been recently compromised.

Cybercriminals are using brute-force password attacks to gain administrative access to sites using Magento's open source e-commerce platform in order to steal credit card numbers and distribute cryptocurrency mining malware, Flashpoint warned this week.

In a report Monday, the security vendor said it is aware of at least 1,000 Magento sites that appear to have been recently compromised by attackers using common and default credentials to brute force their way into the content management system (CMS) admin panel. In many cases, their task appears to have been simplified by admins who had failed to change default credentials to the platform, Flashpoint said. According to the vendor, it is quite likely the 1,000 compromised panels that it is aware of are only a subset of a larger body of compromised Magento websites.

The attackers have been using their admin access to inject malicious code into the Magento system for accessing pages and for intercepting requests to the server involving payment card data. In many cases, they have also carried out other opportunistic attacks.

Vitali Kremez, director of research for Flashpoint, says the company obtained 1,000 compromised Magento CMS panels from a Russian-speaking criminal. The threat actor was able to procure access to the panels through brute-force attacks, he says. "The actor targeted several different sectors, including education and healthcare," Kremez notes. "The IP addresses associated with the compromised panels map predominantly to Europe and the United States."

He describes the types of compromised websites as ranging from small to midsize organizations that had installed the Magento CMS for e-commerce transactions. Online retail stores appear to have been the mostly heavily affected, followed by healthcare and education websites, Kremez says.

"The actors exploit and monetize their Magento panel accesses in three unique ways depending on [the] sites," he says.

The favored way is to install JavaScript sniffers on the compromised site for scraping payment card data, which is then later sold on Dark Web stores. If the breached website does not yield payment card data, the attackers resort to uploading cryptocurrency mining tools such as Coinhive.

The third tactic is to use the compromised site to host code — typically a phony Adobe Flash Player update — which, if executed, results in a data-stealing malware tool dubbed AZORult being downloaded on computers belonging to site visitors. AZORult in turn downloads Rarog, a Coinhive cryptocurrency miner on the user's system.

The attackers have shown a tendency to update the malicious files daily in order to avoid detection by signature-based anti-malware tools, according to Flashpoint.

The discovery of the 1,000 compromised Magento websites highlights the continuing attacker interest in the platform.

"Magento CMS panels are, by far, one of the most popular e-commerce panels developed for online transactions that are heavily targeted by cybercriminals," Kremez says. Other common CMS platforms that are favored by cybercriminals, but to a lesser extent, include Powerfront and OpenCart CMS, he notes.

The recent rash of attacks is another reminder of the security risks posed by the use of default credentials by administrators. The attacks highlight the need for administrators to review the credentials that are being used to access the Magento CMS and to ensure and enforce password complexity requirements. Organizations should enable two-factor authentication for access to sensitive systems, databases, and applications, the security vendor said.

Related Content:

 

Interop ITX 2018

Join Dark Reading LIVE for an intensive Security Pro Summit at Interop ITX and learn from the industry’s most knowledgeable IT security experts. Check out the agenda here.

Jai Vijayan is a seasoned technology reporter with over 20 years of experience in IT trade journalism. He was most recently a Senior Editor at Computerworld, where he covered information security and data privacy issues for the publication. Over the course of his 20-year ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
Crowdsourced vs. Traditional Pen Testing
Alex Haynes, Chief Information Security Officer, CDL,  3/19/2019
BEC Scammer Pleads Guilty
Dark Reading Staff 3/20/2019
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Write a Caption, Win a Starbucks Card! Click Here
Latest Comment: Well, at least it isn't Mobby Dick!
Current Issue
5 Emerging Cyber Threats to Watch for in 2019
Online attackers are constantly developing new, innovative ways to break into the enterprise. This Dark Reading Tech Digest gives an in-depth look at five emerging attack trends and exploits your security team should look out for, along with helpful recommendations on how you can prevent your organization from falling victim.
Flash Poll
The State of Cyber Security Incident Response
The State of Cyber Security Incident Response
Organizations are responding to new threats with new processes for detecting and mitigating them. Here's a look at how the discipline of incident response is evolving.
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2018-20165
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-22
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in OpenText Portal 7.4.4 allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the vgnextoid parameter to a menuitem URI.
CVE-2019-1716
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-22
A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Software for Cisco IP Phone 7800 Series and Cisco IP Phone 8800 Series could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition or execute arbitrary code. The vulnerability ...
CVE-2019-1763
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-22
A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Software for Cisco IP Phone 8800 Series could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to bypass authorization, access critical services, and cause a denial of service (DoS) condition. The vulnerability exist...
CVE-2019-1764
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-22
A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Software for Cisco IP Phone 8800 Series could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to conduct a cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attack. The vulnerability is due to insufficient CSRF protections for the ...
CVE-2019-1765
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-22
A vulnerability in the web-based management interface of Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Software for Cisco IP Phone 8800 Series could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to write arbitrary files to the filesystem. The vulnerability is due to insufficient input validation and file-level permis...