Attacks/Breaches
10/18/2012
04:45 PM
Connect Directly
Google+
Twitter
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Citadel Trojan Gets More Customer-Friendly

RSA says 'Rain Edition' offers dynamic configuration for bots, friendlier user interface

The underground developers of the Citadel Trojan have released a new version of the malware kit with a more user-friendly interface for novice cybercriminals and that automates the creation of Web injections.

Researchers at RSA, the security division of EMC, say the so-called Citadel v1.3.5.1 "Rain Edition" new version of the Trojan crimeware kit makes the sixth release of the Zeus-based software, which first came out in January. It now costs 41 percent more than it did then, too, they say: A basic Citadel version sells for $3,391.

Citadel now also offers a new feature called "dynamic config," which lets botmasters create Web injection attacks and send them to selected bots. "Today’s fraud happens in real time, so speed is of the essence. This nifty function allows Trojan operators to create web injections and use them on the fly, pushing them to selected bots without the hassle of pushing/downloading an entire new configuration file," said Limor Kessem, a top cyberintelligence expert at RSA, in a blog post today.

It works like this: Citadel-infected bots call home to the command-and-control server every two minutes to get updated injection "packs."

"The whole system will be managed by a clever distribution mechanism dictating which injection(s) go to which bot or group of bots," Kessem said. "This will not cancel out the configuration file or the injections it already contains. Botmasters can choose whether to use both simultaneously, or work with one of the sources at a time. If an injection in the usual config already has a more recent version, the newest will be automatically used."

Meantime, the Citadel creators also are offering more customer support with this version. It allows up to five programmers per admin on the tool, which allows the bad guys to hire out help to infect machines. "The injection sellers could create and save their work, get paid by the piece, and work with multiple botmasters – FaaS [Fraud as a service] at its best!"

The user interface was enhanced for less technical attackers, and it appears the gang behind Citadel is trying to downsize its tech support operations. "One of Citadel’s strongest points in the cybercrime market has apparently become increasingly charging (more customers, more troubleshooting). Citadel tells customers that 'Complex customer support requests of a highly technical nature will no longer be accommodated due to the elevated number of such requests.' Users can find help in sharing their issues with peers on the Citadel CRM or discussion forum," RSA's Kessem said.

It's still sold only in Russian-speaking forums, according to RSA, and to prevent law enforcement or researchers from getting the software, the creators say they reserve the right to not sell to any buyer.

Have a comment on this story? Please click "Add Your Comment" below. If you'd like to contact Dark Reading's editors directly, send us a message.

Kelly Jackson Higgins is Executive Editor at DarkReading.com. She is an award-winning veteran technology and business journalist with more than two decades of experience in reporting and editing for various publications, including Network Computing, Secure Enterprise ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Cartoon
Current Issue
Flash Poll
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2014-6090
Published: 2015-04-27
Multiple cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerabilities in the (1) DataMappingEditorCommands, (2) DatastoreEditorCommands, and (3) IEGEditorCommands servlets in IBM Curam Social Program Management (SPM) 5.2 SP6 before EP6, 6.0 SP2 before EP26, 6.0.3 before 6.0.3.0 iFix8, 6.0.4 before 6.0.4.5 iFix...

CVE-2014-6092
Published: 2015-04-27
IBM Curam Social Program Management (SPM) 5.2 before SP6 EP6, 6.0 SP2 before EP26, 6.0.4 before 6.0.4.6, and 6.0.5 before 6.0.5.6 requires failed-login handling for web-service accounts to have the same lockout policy as for standard user accounts, which makes it easier for remote attackers to cause...

CVE-2015-0113
Published: 2015-04-27
The Jazz help system in IBM Rational Collaborative Lifecycle Management 4.0 through 5.0.2, Rational Quality Manager 4.0 through 4.0.7 and 5.0 through 5.0.2, Rational Team Concert 4.0 through 4.0.7 and 5.0 through 5.0.2, Rational Requirements Composer 4.0 through 4.0.7, Rational DOORS Next Generation...

CVE-2015-0174
Published: 2015-04-27
The SNMP implementation in IBM WebSphere Application Server (WAS) 8.5 before 8.5.5.5 does not properly handle configuration data, which allows remote authenticated users to obtain sensitive information via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2015-0175
Published: 2015-04-27
IBM WebSphere Application Server (WAS) 8.5 Liberty Profile before 8.5.5.5 does not properly implement authData elements, which allows remote authenticated users to gain privileges via unspecified vectors.

Dark Reading Radio
Archived Dark Reading Radio
Join security and risk expert John Pironti and Dark Reading Editor-in-Chief Tim Wilson for a live online discussion of the sea-changing shift in security strategy and the many ways it is affecting IT and business.