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Vulnerabilities / Threats

4/14/2020
03:40 PM
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TikTok Vulnerability Leaves Users Open to Fake News

A vulnerability in the way TikTok requests and receives video content could leave users streaming video from bogus servers.

Social media platform TikTok is the latest video service to prioritize ease over security, resulting in an exploitable vulnerability that could lead to users being tracked and shown incorrect videos. The exploit lies in TikTok's use of HTTP, rather than HTTPS, to send data back and forth between the user and the service's content delivery network (CDN).

Using the insecure HTTP rather than the now more common HTTPS means TikTok videos launch and stream a bit more quickly, but it also means that sniffing network traffic to uncover user data and then, with the help of a corrupted DNS server, redirect video requests to illegitimate servers to launch bogus programming is trivial. Talal Haj Bakry and Tommy Mysk, the researchers at Mysk.co who uncovered the vulnerability, demonstrated an attack and showed the extent of mischief possible through an exploit.

Several browser vendors, including Apple and Google, typically require HTTPS connections but allow HTTP for backward-compatibility. TikTok uses HTTP exclusively. As Tim Erlin, vice president of product management and strategy at Tripwire says, "We often ask that users be diligent about evaluating the sources of information they receive from social media, but diligence isn't helpful when an attacker can simply impersonate an authoritative source."

Read more here.

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Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2020-29378
PUBLISHED: 2020-11-29
An issue was discovered on V-SOL V1600D V2.03.69 and V2.03.57, V1600D4L V1.01.49, V1600D-MINI V1.01.48, V1600G1 V2.0.7 and V1.9.7, and V1600G2 V1.1.4 OLT devices. It is possible to elevate the privilege of a CLI user (to full administrative access) by using the password [email protected]#y$z%x6x7q8c9z) for the e...
CVE-2020-29379
PUBLISHED: 2020-11-29
An issue was discovered on V-SOL V1600D4L V1.01.49 and V1600D-MINI V1.01.48 OLT devices. During the process of updating the firmware, the update script starts a telnetd -l /bin/sh process that does not require authentication for TELNET access.
CVE-2020-29380
PUBLISHED: 2020-11-29
An issue was discovered on V-SOL V1600D V2.03.69 and V2.03.57, V1600D4L V1.01.49, V1600D-MINI V1.01.48, V1600G1 V2.0.7 and V1.9.7, and V1600G2 V1.1.4 OLT devices. TELNET is offered by default but SSH is not always available. An attacker can intercept passwords sent in cleartext and conduct a man-in-...
CVE-2020-29381
PUBLISHED: 2020-11-29
An issue was discovered on V-SOL V1600D V2.03.69 and V2.03.57, V1600D4L V1.01.49, V1600D-MINI V1.01.48, V1600G1 V2.0.7 and V1.9.7, and V1600G2 V1.1.4 OLT devices. Command injection can occur in "upload tftp syslog" and "upload tftp configuration" in the CLI via a crafted filename...
CVE-2020-29382
PUBLISHED: 2020-11-29
An issue was discovered on V-SOL V1600D V2.03.69 and V2.03.57, V1600G1 V2.0.7 and V1.9.7, and V1600G2 V1.1.4 OLT devices. A hardcoded RSA private key (specific to V1600D, V1600G1, and V1600G2) is contained in the firmware images.