Vulnerabilities / Threats

4/20/2016
04:45 PM
Connect Directly
Twitter
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Manufacturers Suffer Increase In Cyberattacks

Cyberattacks on manufacturing companies on the rise as attackers attempt to steal valuable intellectual property and information.

The manufacturing sector is now one of the most frequently hacked industries, second only to healthcare, a new report says.

Healthcare, which has a wealth of exploitable information within electronic records, moved into the top spot of the rankings, replacing financial services, which dropped to third place in IBM X-Force Research’s new 2016 Cyber Security Intelligence Index. Manufacturing rose from third place in last year’s report, which offers a high-level overview of the major threats to IBM’s clients' businesses worldwide over the past year.

Manufacturing includes automotive, electronics, textile, and pharmaceutical companies. Automotive manufacturers were the top targeted manufacturing sub-industry, accounting for almost 30% of the total attacks against the manufacturing industry in 2015. Chemical manufacturers were the second-most targeted sub-industry in 2015, according to IBM.

Many attackers are financially motivated and therefore are more likely to go after corporate networks where they could steal potentially valuable intellectual property or sensitive information, says John Kuhn, senior threat researcher with IBM X-Force. 

Meanwhile, The 2016 Manufacturing Report by professional services firm Sikich also reports a rise in attacks on the manufacturing sector -- with theft of intellectual property as a primary motive.

“The FBI estimated that $400 billion of intellectual property is leaving the US each year because of cyberattacks” and nation-state actors and other adversaries are starting to target manufacturing companies for this information, says Brad Lutgen, a partner in Sikich’s compliance and security practice.

Many manufacturing companies are behind the curve in security because they have not been held to compliance standards like financial services has, with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards and The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, or in the case of the healthcare industry, with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, Lutgen says. “Because of that, they [manufacturers] tend to be a little laxer with security in terms of some other industry verticals.”

As a result, there is a lack of adoption of key information security practices that have become standardized procedures across most industry verticals, Lutgen says. For example, only 33% of survey respondents indicated that their organizations were performing annual penetration testing within their IT groups.

Heartbleed, SQL Injection Leading Forms Of Attack

Manufacturers appear to be vulnerable to older attacks, such as Heartbleed and Shellshock. SQL injection is another prominent form of attack being waged against manufacturers, IBM’s Kuhn says. “Those [types of attacks] happened in volume,” last year, he says. The Heartbleed bug is a serious vulnerability found in the OpenSSL cryptographic that allows attackers to eavesdrop on communications, steal data directly from the services and users, and to impersonate services and users.

Attackers also targeted manufacturing companies’ enterprise servers via spearphishing schemes to lure employees to malicious websites, Kuhn says.

Gain insight into the latest threats and emerging best practices for managing them. Attend the Security Track at Interop Las Vegas, May 2-6. Register now!

Manufacturing companies are starting to fortify their networks and corporate systems, Kuhn says, but their industrial control systems also pose a challenge. ICS systems might run a copy of Microsoft Windows or Unix that was issued ten years ago, so they can’t necessarily update it without the change causing an equipment failure, according to Kuhn. 

“When you talk about this industrial control space, it gets into a doomsday thing. It [an attack] might shut down a water plant or a nuclear plant. They are hard to defend,” Kuhn says. 

Take the proliferation of ransomware. What if it an attacker deploys ransomware to lock down manufacturing computers and says, “pay the ransom or you won’t be able to manufacture your products?” These are all things to consider, he says. “So there is a lot of work to do in the manufacturing industry to shore up their defenses for industrial control systems and corporate networks.”

Defensive Strategies

Sikich’s report offers manufacturers some advice about how to mitigate threats:

  • Conduct an annual IT risk assessment to properly understand where threats are originating from.
  • Perform annual penetration tests to simulate the threat of someone trying to break into your organization’s network.
  • Conduct ongoing vulnerability scanning throughout the year to help the organization stay up-to-date with new threats.

Related Content:

 

Rutrell Yasin has more than 30 years of experience writing about the application of information technology in business and government. He has witnessed all of the major transformations in computing over the last three decades, covering the rise, death, and resurrection of the ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
Government Shutdown Brings Certificate Lapse Woes
Curtis Franklin Jr., Senior Editor at Dark Reading,  1/11/2019
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Current Issue
The Year in Security 2018
This Dark Reading Tech Digest explores the biggest news stories of 2018 that shaped the cybersecurity landscape.
Flash Poll
How Enterprises Are Attacking the Cybersecurity Problem
How Enterprises Are Attacking the Cybersecurity Problem
Data breach fears and the need to comply with regulations such as GDPR are two major drivers increased spending on security products and technologies. But other factors are contributing to the trend as well. Find out more about how enterprises are attacking the cybersecurity problem by reading our report today.
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2019-6443
PUBLISHED: 2019-01-16
An issue was discovered in NTPsec before 1.1.3. Because of a bug in ctl_getitem, there is a stack-based buffer over-read in read_sysvars in ntp_control.c in ntpd.
CVE-2019-6444
PUBLISHED: 2019-01-16
An issue was discovered in NTPsec before 1.1.3. process_control() in ntp_control.c has a stack-based buffer over-read because attacker-controlled data is dereferenced by ntohl() in ntpd.
CVE-2019-6445
PUBLISHED: 2019-01-16
An issue was discovered in NTPsec before 1.1.3. An authenticated attacker can cause a NULL pointer dereference and ntpd crash in ntp_control.c, related to ctl_getitem.
CVE-2019-6446
PUBLISHED: 2019-01-16
An issue was discovered in NumPy 1.16.0 and earlier. It uses the pickle Python module unsafely, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted serialized object, as demonstrated by a numpy.load call.
CVE-2019-6442
PUBLISHED: 2019-01-16
An issue was discovered in NTPsec before 1.1.3. An authenticated attacker can write one byte out of bounds in ntpd via a malformed config request, related to config_remotely in ntp_config.c, yyparse in ntp_parser.tab.c, and yyerror in ntp_parser.y.