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Vulnerabilities / Threats

12/21/2015
05:50 PM
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9 Coolest Hacks Of 2015

Cars, guns, gas stations, and satellites, all got '0wned' by good hackers this year in some of the most creative yet unnerving hacks.

8. OnStar gets 0wned

In yet another illustration of how modern, networked vehicles can be hacked, a researcher was able to locate, lock, unlock, and remotely start, any GM vehicle using OnStar's RemoteLink app.

Samy Kamkar built a device he calls "OwnStar" that sniffs communications between an OnStar mobile app and the OnStar cloud service. He then was able to grab the vehicle's location, make, and model, and remotely unlock and start various vehicle functions.

“Fortunately the problem lies with the mobile software and is not a problem with the vehicles themselves,” Kamkar said in his demonstration of the attack.

GM said it had fixed the flaw in some back-end systems, and updated the iOS version of the RemoteLink app as well.

9. Other cool stuff: Cracking chemical plants, fridges, Fitbits

Hacking for physical sabotage is an especially scary concept when it comes to a power or chemical plant, and that was the topic of Physical Hacking 101-type talks conducted by two researchers at the recent Black Hat USA and DEF CON conferences in Las Vegas.

Jason Larsen, principal security consultant at IOActive, and Marina Krotofil, senior security consultant at the European Network for Cyber Security, say hacking physical systems requires more than coding know-how: physics, chemistry, plumbing, and engineering knowledge also are required in many cases.

Larsen gave what he calls the "bread and butter" of where to first go for these types of attacks: items that are easiest to manipulate, such as valves. In an interview with Dark Reading prior to his talks, Larsen said kitchen sink valves aren't equipped to handle water pressure in the range of a ton, for example.

But as Krotofil explains, an exploit can take months or years to create once an attacker actually gains access to the plant environment. "The problem is, once you get access [to the environment], it is the end of the IT world, and you are now a control engineer," Krotofil said in an interview with Dark Reading. "Now it's become a completely different game. ... The difference is in complexity of knowledge, complexity of fields, and the interaction of those fields."

Finding a flaw in code isn't always enough in these environments:  "There must [also] be vulnerability in the process," says Krotofil. If the physical processes can continue along even without the correct input from the computer, then the exploit doesn't work.

She published an open-source framework for cyber-physical attacks that includes two chemical plant models for testing purposes.  "If we know what it takes to attack the processes," she says, "then we may know what it takes to defend them."

Meantime, DEF CON this year launched its first Internet of Things Hacking Village, and everything from Apple network storage, toys, blood pressure monitors, Fitbits, and fridges fell to white-hat hackers there. There was even a prototype Stuxnet model. 

Kelly Jackson Higgins is the Executive Editor of Dark Reading. She is an award-winning veteran technology and business journalist with more than two decades of experience in reporting and editing for various publications, including Network Computing, Secure Enterprise ... View Full Bio
 

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johnl929
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johnl929,
User Rank: Apprentice
12/22/2015 | 1:43:00 AM
Car Hacking
@Kelly Jackson Higgins 

I do see how it is "Cool" to hack a car, but i hope for everyone that the companies who make these car use security in them, or one day we will have a real issue on our hands. 
Dr.T
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Dr.T,
User Rank: Ninja
12/30/2015 | 10:48:03 AM
Re: Car Hacking
"... how it is "Cool" to hack a car ..."

I hear you. It is cool to hack a car as if you are remotely controlling a drone. Is that really not fun? :--)).
RyanSepe
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RyanSepe,
User Rank: Ninja
12/22/2015 | 8:52:05 AM
Awesome but dangerous
I thought the car hack to be most interesting...however it was a very dangerous way to prove a point in my opinion.

 
Dr.T
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Dr.T,
User Rank: Ninja
12/30/2015 | 10:49:46 AM
Re: Awesome but dangerous
"... however it was a very dangerous way to prove a point ..."

I agree. At the same time it would not have made the news if it was not dangerous, would it?
Joe Stanganelli
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Joe Stanganelli,
User Rank: Ninja
12/25/2015 | 11:22:46 AM
Old ways is best.
This, among other reasons, is why I drive an older car.  Not hackable.  :)
Kelly Jackson Higgins
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Kelly Jackson Higgins,
User Rank: Strategist
12/30/2015 | 10:06:07 AM
Re: Old ways is best.
Not so fast, @JoeStanganelli. Did you read my story about the older police cruisers that were hacked, too? Bad guys with purpose and access can hack non-networked cars, too. =) (See the Coolest Hacks story for more deets).

 

 
Dr.T
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Dr.T,
User Rank: Ninja
12/30/2015 | 10:55:03 AM
Re: Old ways is best.
"... older police cruisers that were hacked, too? "

Wow, I was just writing and wondering when this would happen too. :--))
Kelly Jackson Higgins
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Kelly Jackson Higgins,
User Rank: Strategist
12/30/2015 | 11:03:22 AM
Re: Old ways is best.
Nothing was sacred--not even police cars. 
Joe Stanganelli
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Joe Stanganelli,
User Rank: Ninja
1/16/2016 | 10:15:46 AM
Re: Old ways is best.
"Nothing was sacred--not even police cars."

Sounds like the opening line of a Ray Bradbury story.
Joe Stanganelli
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Joe Stanganelli,
User Rank: Ninja
1/16/2016 | 10:14:17 AM
Re: Old ways is best.
@Kelly: Okay, fine.  I *really* drive an older car because I'm conservative and frugal.  Happy?  ;)

Of course, I don't really consider a 2012 vehicle "older."  Until recently I was driving a 2004 model -- and I don't even consider that *that* old.
Dr.T
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50%
Dr.T,
User Rank: Ninja
12/30/2015 | 10:52:10 AM
Re: Old ways is best.
"Old ways is best."

Ture. You never know, they may figure out a way to hack the hardware, with this trend that we go through anything is possible. :--)))
Dr.T
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Dr.T,
User Rank: Ninja
12/30/2015 | 10:46:11 AM
Car hacking
My favorite was the car hacking in 2015. We have been talking about for years that cars intelligent so target for the bad guys bit nobody was listening, it made a little bit news in 2015.
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