Investors continued to pour money into the US cybersecurity market last year, as well as into several other countries, notably the UK, China, and Israel.
New data from Strategic Cyber Ventures shows that venture capital investments and average deal sizes involving cybersecurity firms both reached record highs in 2018.
At $5.3 billion, VC funding in 2018 was about 20% higher than the $4.4 billion in 2017 — and a whopping 81% higher than in 2016, when the market witnessed a slowdown of sorts. The total number of deals in 2018, at 332, was slightly lower than the 345 deals VC firms struck with cybersecurity firms in 2017. However, the average deal size of $15.8 million in 2018 was a record.
Much of the "heavy right skew" in deal sizes had to do with a handful of megadeals involving transactions of over $100 million, according to Strategic Cyber Ventures. In total, there were eight such transactions last year — and seven companies — that accounted for nearly $1.4 billion in VC funding. In comparison, the seven transactions that were over $100 million in 2017 totaled about $730 million.
VPN provider AnchorFree secured the largest deal last year — a $295 million round of funding led by WndrCo, with participation from several other firms, including Accel, SignalFire, and Green Bay Ventures.
Other companies that secured substantial funding in 2018 included Tanium, which raised $375 million in two separate funding rounds, giving it a valuation of $6.5 billion; CrowdStrike, with a $200 million Series E funding round in July that valued the firm at $3 billion; and Netskope, with a $168 million deal in November. For several of the vendors with megadeals last year, the investments were their second or third rounds of funding and were likely a prelude to an IPO this year, Strategic Cyber Ventures said in its report.
Cybersecurity mergers and acquisitions activity remained strong last year. Among the biggest were Cisco's $2.4 billion purchase of Duo Security; BlackBerry's $1.4 billion acquisition of Cylance; and RELX Group's $817 million buyout of ThreatMetrix. Thoma Bravo's $1.6 billion acquisition of Barracuda was the biggest of several major private equity investments in the cybersecurity space last year.
Cybersecurity companies with IPOs in 2018 generally fared better that companies in 2017. The four biggest IPOs on the major stock exchanges last year — Avast, Tenable, Zscaler, and Carbon Black — raised about $1.4 billion—or nearly double that raised by the top four companies with IPOs in 2017.
"There are several reasons 2018 was a record year for cybersecurity investment," says Chris Ahern, principal at Strategic Cyber Ventures.
VC markets were flush with funds, and money from some massive funds that were formed over the past few years made its way to the cybersecurity market, Ahern says. There also were some strong exits in the space via IPOs and M&As. "The problems aren't going away," Ahern notes. "2018 had several massive, high-profile breaches, and I think we'll continue to see this into 2019."
Impressive as the investor interest has been, the outlook for the future is somewhat unclear. Ahern does not think the rate of investment in cybersecurity is sustainable for much longer. "We're seeing increased competition in the space, vendor fatigue expressed by CISOs, and 'noise' from companies that throw around buzzwords like 'AI' that distract from real builders of cybersecurity companies," he says.
Eric McAlpine, managing partner at Momentum Cybersecurity Group, which is about to release its own report on VC and M&A activity in cybersecurity, says last year indeed was a "banner year" for vendors in the space.
Momentum's numbers for investment activity in 2018 are higher than that of Strategic Cyber Ventures. According to McAlpine, investors poured in a record $6.2 billion into cybersecurity compared with $5.4 billion in 2017, which in itself was a record.
But a close examination of the numbers shows fewer deals involving Series A investments, which is the first round of investor funding, in favor of later stage or growth-oriented investments, McAlpine says. "At Momentum Cyber, we certainly expect continued growth in investment activity in cybersecurity," he says.