Solr Search Tool Can Allow Remote Code Execution (RCE) by Default

A security vulnerability affecting the Linux enterprise search tool Apache Solr has been reclassified by Tenable as 'high severity status.'

A security vulnerability affecting the Linux enterprise search tool Apache Solr has been reclassified by Tenableas "high severity status." It seems that the default configuration of Solr on Solr 8.1.1 and 8.2.0 for Linux (but not for Windows) allows a remote code execution (RCE).

The NoSQL tool has been maintained since 2006 by open-source organization Apache Software Foundation, news organization CNET having donated it after building on Apache's Lucene. The ASF team has issued an advisory about the situation.

The team describes the vuln as, "If you use the default file from the affected releases, then JMX monitoring will be enabled and exposed on RMI_PORT (default=18983), without any authentication. If this port is opened for inbound traffic in your firewall, then anyone with network access to your Solr nodes will be able to access JMX, which may in turn allow them to upload malicious code for execution on the Solr server."

The vuln has become recognized as more serious than initially thought when reports of it emerged this past July. It was then thought that it would only allow cybercriminals or other third parties to access monitoring data. However, a full-blown hole was found to exist on port 8983 that would allow RCE to happen.

A revised proof-of-concept has been put up on GitHub showing how such an attack could proceed.

Mitigation for this situation is fairly simple, but may be a bit complicated to implement. The team advises that users should make sure that the effective file has ENABLE_REMOTE_JMX_OPTS set to "false" on every Solr node and then restart Solr. The effective file may reside in /etc/defaults/ or another location depending on the install. As a check, validate that the "" family of properties are not listed in the "Java Properties" section of the Solr Admin UI, or configured in a secure way.

Though the team recommends upgrading to version 8.3 because of all the feature modifications they have done, Tenable thinks that 8.3 will still allow the vuln to be active if it is default configured.

Tenable points out that adding authentication to an instance may help. They also note that "unless the Config API is locked down, an attacker could modify the solrconfig.xml file."

— Larry Loeb has written for many of the last century's major "dead tree" computer magazines, having been, among other things, a consulting editor for BYTE magazine and senior editor for the launch of WebWeek.