Microsoft Security Essentials, previously known by the project name "Morro," will replace Windows Live OneCare, which included both security and utility services for $49.95 per year.
Last November, Microsoft explained its decision to phase out Windows Live OneCare by saying that a product more focused on security would serve consumers better. The company will stop selling Windows Live OneCare through retail channels at the end of June.
Microsoft Security Essentials works with Windows XP, Windows Vista, and the forthcoming Windows 7 operating system, according to the company. It's designed to require less space and fewer computing resources in order to be useful on less-powerful PCs and in situations with constrained bandwidth.
But the software, Microsoft claims, offers the same protection as the company's enterprise malware products, which provide, or attempt to provide, protection against viruses, spyware, rootkits, and Trojans.
Amy Barzdukas, senior director of product management for the Online Services and Windows Division at Microsoft, said in November that customers want "comprehensive, ongoing protection from new and existing threats" and that this new free offering will enable the company to reach more customers, particularly in emerging markets.
The goal of such products is often to convince users to pay for more-comprehensive protection. There's also value to be gained from analyzing the data available from large number of users about active threats.
J.R. Smith, CEO of AVG, says Microsoft's new offering will be good for consumers and good for the security market overall because it will raise awareness that security products are necessary. He expects that companies like AVG, Kaspersky, and Symantec will be able to provide more extensive protection than Microsoft is offering.
"There's room for Microsoft to come in and protect the platform but there's a lot more to be done," he said. "Antivirus is the least of the worries these days. The Web threats are where we see 90% of the problems come through."
The Microsoft Security Essentials Web page isn't working at the moment, but it should be by Tuesday.
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