The FTC's Consumer Sentinel Network Complaint Data Book report for 2008 shows the number of identity theft complaints up around 20 percent from 2007, from 259,266 in '07 to 313,982 in '08. Identity theft represents 26 percent of all consumer fraud complaints, followed by third-party and creditor debt collection (9 percent), shop-at-home and catalog sales (4 percent), and Internet services (4 percent) and other forms of fraud.
The FTC's Consumer Sentinel Network is a database used by law enforcement to log consumer fraud complaints.
The marked increase in identity theft complaints is significant in that the number of these reports had stayed mostly flat from 2006 to 2007, says Tom Rusin, president of Affinion Security Center, which provides personal data security services for consumers and businesses. Rusin says the jump may be due to several factors, including the high number of enterprise breaches last year, as well as fallout from the financial crisis. "As banks consolidate today, consumers expect to get more information [electronically] from their bank," Rusin says. "That's an opportunity for identity thieves to do phishing attacks."
Rusin says the report also highlights how, contrary to popular belief, identity theft isn't just about bank card fraud; while 20 percent of the ID theft cases reported last year were bank card fraud, around 30 percent originated from document fraud, such as Social Security Number theft and employment fraud. Many people don't realize that document fraud is also ID theft, Rusin says.
The FTC report also shows what bad guys do with stolen identities. While 20 percent was pure credit card fraud, government documents or benefits fraud accounted for 15 percent, employment fraud for 15 percent, and phone or utilities, 13 percent.
"[Around] 40 percent of identity theft had nothing to do with bank or credit cards," Rusin notes. "It was stealing personal information, for working here illegally, fraudulent tax returns, [etc.]," he says.
Agewise, 20- to 39-year-olds still bear the brunt of identity theft fraud, with around 49 percent of complaints from this demographic, according to the FTC report -- a trend that has been consistent during the past three years. Interestingly, 65 percent of identity theft victims last year did not contact the police. "This just shows that most people don't know where to turn," Rusin says.
And Arizona is still the No. 1 state for identity theft complaints, with 149 per 100,000 people, followed by California, Florida, and Texas. These states typically house a wealth of assets, Rusin says, which makes them attractive for identity thieves.
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