The first products to be built on the specifications, Nok Nok Labs' S3 Authentication Suite, were released on Thursday.
Proponents of the FIDO guidelines, which are designed to help systems find the most effective method of authenticating a user, say the new specifications will pave the way for the replacement of passwords, which are frequently lost, stolen, or hacked.
"One of the clear advantages of the FIDO approach is that it offers users a consistent experience across multiple services and user devices, a range of multi-factor schemes, and maintains privacy by using distinct authentication keys for different services," says Andrew Young, vice president of product management for authentication at SafeNet. "The FIDO Alliance, by helping to standardize multi-factor practices, will contribute to the formation of a broader identity framework based on greater trust and better security in both consumer and enterprise environments."
The FIDO Alliance proposes to create common "plumbing" for authentication, creating a single method for logging onto a secure system, regardless of the authentication technologies used. When an access request is received under FIDO, the systems involved seek out the most effective method of authentication that can be used by both the server and the client and trigger it, eliminating the need for all users to conform to a single authentication mechanism or rely on passwords.
Nok Nok Labs is providing an early look at technology that uses the FIDO standards with the unveiling of the S3 Suite, which includes a Multifactor Authentication Server (MFAS) and Multifactor Authentication Clients (MFACs) for mobile and desktop devices. The MFAS implements a FIDO-method of passwordless authentication, while the MFAC enables endpoint devices to take advantage of security capabilities inherent in their hardware.
"One of the things that's been surprising to us is the interest in using this technology for mobile devices," says Phillip Dunkelberger, president and CEO of Nok Nok. "So far, the mobile implementation is an even higher priority for enterprises than the desktop and laptop implementation. That's one of the biggest pain points."
While the FIDO Alliance has been in existence for more than a year and has gained the membership of mega-players such as Microsoft, Google, MasterCard, and PayPal, the group still has a long road ahead of it, Dunkelberger concedes.
"We're proposing to take a key pillar of Internet technology and make a big change in the way it works," Dunkelberger says. "We didn't expect such a significant change in the ecosystem to take place overnight. This is more like building a ship than building a security widget."
Still, Dunkelberger expects to see FIDO-based products emerging in the second and third quarters of this year. Mobile e-commerce and payment systems may be among the first to use the technology, with medical payment systems and insurance processors following close behind, he says.
"Truly effective authentication technologies must be designed for strong security and ease-of-use," says Jon Oltsik, senior principal analyst at Enterprise Strategy Group. "Balancing these two design objectives has been difficult in the past, so solutions were skewed toward highly secure complex authentication or simple insecure authentication – a lose-lose proposition. The solution that Nok Nok Labs has developed on top of FIDO finally bridges this gap, offering a secure yet easy-to-use authentication method. Given today's threat landscape, this is exactly what's needed."
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