Federal agencies face cyber threats from every angle. In the past 12 months, agencies defended against insider threats or leaks (64 percent), non-state actors (60 percent), and state-sponsored threats (48 percent). Given the growing number and increasing sophistication of the attacks, just one in five (22 percent) cyber security professionals rate their agency's cyber security solutions as sufficient and sustainable.
Although FISMA is designed to aid agencies in addressing these threats, it may be doing more harm than good. Just 53% of Federal cyber security professionals say FISMA has improved security at their agency, while 86% report that FISMA compliance increases costs. In addition, 28% view FISMA as encouraging compliance rather than risk identification and assessment, 21% believe it is insufficient in dealing with today's cyber threat landscape, and 11% believe it is an antiquated law.
"FISMA's compliance model is not keeping up with the evolving security landscape or the security demands," said Mark Weber, president of NetApp U.S. Public Sector. "There is a shift in the industry from compliance to continuous monitoring, and a vast number of new technologies exist to support this change. Our Federal cyber professionals should be given the resources, regulation, and management support to take advantage of these technologies to help thwart cyber security attacks."
Agencies' current network speed and capacity limits also hinder security efforts. More than half of cyber security professionals (55 percent) say their agency is either overloaded or cannot keep up with the amount of data already crossing their network. The data deluge is not ending anytime soon – cyber security professionals expect the total amount of data their agency must protect to grow by 47% by 2015. As a result of the growing amount of data, cyber security professionals say users experience slower network connections (35 percent), agencies experience challenges in handling large amounts of data in real time (32 percent), and the network and security monitoring infrastructure cannot keep up with the network itself (18 percent).
Agencies may also be missing an opportunity to thwart attacks by not collecting and using data on previous breaches. Seventy-six percent of cyber security professionals say their agency records all data that leaves their agency but only 43% use that data to reconstruct the breach to determine where it took place. Twenty-one percent of cyber security professionals say their agency is unable to track where a security breach took place.
As a result of security challenges, just 40% of cyber security professionals are confident in their agency's security. Those confident in their agency's security are more likely to say their agency has an adequate budget (83 percent), their end users are compliant with cyber security policies (80 percent), and their cyber security department can identify and implement new cyber security technology effectively (91 percent).
To improve security, Federal cyber security professionals are looking beyond FISMA. The majority of cyber security professionals (83 percent) believe continuous monitoring will improve security at their agency. Most agencies (81 percent) have a system in place to continuously monitor their networks for cyber threats but one in four lack the capabilities and resources to effectively execute continuous monitoring.
To make agencies more secure, cyber security professionals recommend more focus on evaluating risk, additional budget and technology, and better accountability regarding end user unauthorized disclosure.
"FISMA Fallout: The State of the Union" is based on an online survey of 203 Federal cyber security professionals conducted in July 2013. The report has a margin of error of +/- 6.84 percent at a 95% confidence level. To download the full study, please visit http://www.meritalk.com/fismafallout.
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