To overcome this fragmentation, Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) have evolved to protect the digital economy in many Member States, at different times, and under different legal frameworks. But this natural evolution means that there is no common definition of what constitutes a PPP. In a world where threats to infrastructure do not respect national borders, the European Network and Information Security Agency ENISA’s new PPPs Guide with 36 recommendations on how to successfully build a PPP, underlines the need for a common understanding across Europe. This is of particular importance for the European Public Private Partnership for Resilience (EP3R), a European Union initiative, which is liaising with national PPPs on Critical Information Infrastructure Protection (CIIP) issues.
The Executive Director of ENISA, Professor Udo Helmbrecht, comments: "There is a need for a truly international, global approach to cyber security and Critical Information Infrastructure Protection. No country can create a CIIP strategy in isolation, as there are no national boundaries in cyber-space. PPPs are consequently one of the agenda items for the special EU-US Working Group on Cyber-Security and Cyber-Crime.”
The Guide classifies PPPs for security and resilience in three types: Prevention Focused, Response Focused and Umbrella PPPs. The Guide consolidates and validates a PPP-taxonomy, and gives advice in five main areas:
Why a PPP should be created (scope/threats)
Who should be involved (coverage, geographical/focus, interrelated links)
How a PPP should be governed
What services and incentives should be offered
When a PPP should be created and other timing points
The Guide draws on input from 30 questionnaires and 15 in-depth interviews with both public and private sector stakeholders across twenty countries. It also describes and maps PPPs from the
USA, Canada and Australia, identifying critical success factors for information sharing, and ways forward for international collaboration.
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