Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Operational Security

1/18/2019
08:15 AM
Scott Ferguson
Scott Ferguson
News Analysis-Security Now
50%
50%

Exposed Oklahoma Server Shows On-Premises Data Is Vulnerable, Too

Over the last year, vulnerable, cloud-based databases have shown that dangers of trusting data to others. However, an exposed government server in Oklahoma proves that attackers can find on-premises data, too.

Over the last 12 months, dozens of security stories documented how easily data can leak when enterprises leave business and customer data unsecured in databased hosted by various public cloud services.

However, on-premises data is equally vulnerable to attackers who can sniff out poor security practices.

This week, security firm UpGuard released a report that detailed how a on-premises storage server belonging to the Oklahoma Department of Securities (ODS) had been left exposed to the public-facing Internet, leaving about 3TB of data and millions of files exposed to anyone who knew where to look for the IP address.

Specifically, the data was left exposed through an unsecured sync service belonging to an address registered to the Oklahoma Office of Management and Enterprise Services.

It's not clear if anyone ever found and downloaded the data, and the ODS responded quickly to the UpGuard researchers and closed off access to the server. However, the type of data this system contained could prove extremely valuable to someone looking to steal data.

The ODS is part of the state's Department of Securities, which functions much like the federal Securities and Exchange Commission. The department ensures that securities are being traded legally and it can conduct investigations into fraud and other consumer complaints.

This created a treasure-trove of data, some of it dating back to the mid-1980s, including details of FBI investigations. The last entry dated to 2016.

"In the course of our research we have developed a data taxonomy based on the types of entities affected by breaches. In this case we found examples of the many of the types of data that might be leaked in a breach," according to the January 16 report.

Among the 3TBs, researchers found:

  • A Microsoft Access database that contained information on approximately 10,000 brokers, including social security numbers
  • A CSV file that contained the date of birth, state of birth, country of birth, gender, height, weight, hair color and eye color for more than 1000,000 brokers
  • Finally, a database that contained viators -- a financial vehicle that allows terminally ill patients can sell their life insurance benefits -- which contained data on AIDS patients

What's particularly interesting is that researchers found the exposed government server using Shodan, a search engine for locating Internet-facing IP addresses. No complicated hacking tools were needed.

It's not clear how long the server was left exposed but the Shodan search engine noted it was first registered on November 30, 2018.

Incidents such as these show that no matter where data is stored -- public cloud, private data or a hybrid environment -- poor security practices often mean data is left exposed and can be found with relative ease. (See Unsecured Veeam Database Reportedly Exposed Millions of Records.)

Even something as basic as two-factor authentication could easily have cut down some of the risk in this week's case.

"This is just another example for the need to tightly control and maintain the cyber posture of all internet-facing servers, both on-prem and within the public cloud," Praveen Jain, the CTO of Cavirin, which provides security tools for hybrid cloud environments, noted in an email to Security Now.

"The solution combines training, better processes, as well as rigorous OS hardening, updates, and patching of vulnerabilities," Jain added. "And, as noted, tools like Shodan make it all too easy for hackers to scan the Internet for public servers and then probe for vulnerabilities. So, the issue will not go away any time soon."

These sentiments were echoed by Anurag Kahol, the CTO of security vendor Bitglass.

"While all organizations need to defend their data, government agencies, in particular, must adhere to the highest of security standards -- the type of information that they collect, store and share demands it," Kahol wrote in an email.

With the server, many of the files were back-ups, including for email files and virtual machines. While this type of back-up system is considered essential for recovering from a disaster or a ransomware attack, "the final crucial step is to maintain control over every copy of those data stores," the UpGuard report notes. (See Cloud Backup: How It Can Protect Against Ransomware.)

Related posts:

— Scott Ferguson is the managing editor of Light Reading and the editor of Security Now. Follow him on Twitter @sferguson_LR.

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
COVID-19: Latest Security News & Commentary
Dark Reading Staff 8/3/2020
'BootHole' Vulnerability Exposes Secure Boot Devices to Attack
Kelly Sheridan, Staff Editor, Dark Reading,  7/29/2020
Average Cost of a Data Breach: $3.86 Million
Jai Vijayan, Contributing Writer,  7/29/2020
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Current Issue
Special Report: Computing's New Normal, a Dark Reading Perspective
This special report examines how IT security organizations have adapted to the "new normal" of computing and what the long-term effects will be. Read it and get a unique set of perspectives on issues ranging from new threats & vulnerabilities as a result of remote working to how enterprise security strategy will be affected long term.
Flash Poll
The Threat from the Internetand What Your Organization Can Do About It
The Threat from the Internetand What Your Organization Can Do About It
This report describes some of the latest attacks and threats emanating from the Internet, as well as advice and tips on how your organization can mitigate those threats before they affect your business. Download it today!
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2017-18112
PUBLISHED: 2020-08-05
Affected versions of Atlassian Fisheye allow remote attackers to view the HTTP password of a repository via an Information Disclosure vulnerability in the logging feature. The affected versions are before version 4.8.3.
CVE-2020-15109
PUBLISHED: 2020-08-04
In solidus before versions 2.8.6, 2.9.6, and 2.10.2, there is an bility to change order address without triggering address validations. This vulnerability allows a malicious customer to craft request data with parameters that allow changing the address of the current order without changing the shipm...
CVE-2020-16847
PUBLISHED: 2020-08-04
Extreme Analytics in Extreme Management Center before 8.5.0.169 allows unauthenticated reflected XSS via a parameter in a GET request, aka CFD-4887.
CVE-2020-15135
PUBLISHED: 2020-08-04
save-server (npm package) before version 1.05 is affected by a CSRF vulnerability, as there is no CSRF mitigation (Tokens etc.). The fix introduced in version version 1.05 unintentionally breaks uploading so version v1.0.7 is the fixed version. This is patched by implementing Double submit. The CSRF...
CVE-2020-13522
PUBLISHED: 2020-08-04
An exploitable arbitrary file delete vulnerability exists in SoftPerfect RAM Disk 4.1 spvve.sys driver. A specially crafted I/O request packet (IRP) can allow an unprivileged user to delete any file on the filesystem. An attacker can send a malicious IRP to trigger this vulnerability.