Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Comments
Target Breach: HVAC Contractor Systems Investigated
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
Page 1 / 2   >   >>
johnson54
johnson54,
User Rank: Apprentice
10/29/2014 | 1:28:39 PM
Installation Contractor
A potential contractor must have the necessary credentials and experience to do the job perfectly. A good way to choose a contractor is to interview them. This will assure you of good customer service. So, think twice before you choose a siding installation contractor.
awinter015
awinter015,
User Rank: Apprentice
3/11/2014 | 10:26:01 AM
Anyone ever hear about VLANs?
The idea that a contractor was on a shared network with other systems is mind-boggling.  The technology to segement networks and limit access of users has been around for years.  Even in small environments we segment customers from one another, accounting systems from general systems, etc.  So if we can do it as a small IT Service provider - why cant the big guys do it?

 

 
mak63
mak63,
User Rank: Apprentice
2/9/2014 | 10:10:52 PM
Re: answers
I couldn't agree with Mr Gezelter and you more.

As someone on the informationweek staff recently told me: "live and learn" Too bad the customers will suffer the most for something that could've been avoided.
Michael Endler
Michael Endler,
User Rank: Apprentice
2/8/2014 | 5:01:22 PM
Re: answers
"As isolated as a driver in Los Angeles in the rush hour. Again, because we know about the breach, the answer is that the HVAC appliances were not iisolated as they should have been."


This seems like the big failing. Bob Gezelter alluded to it in his post too:

"There is simply no reason why the network access granted to an HVAC contractor for monitoring HVAC equipment should have included access to the production transactional data network. Being somewhat speculative, the POS terminals and supporting systems should have been in a separate network compartment, with an encrypted tunnel connecting the store-located systems to the transactional back end systems serving the corporation."


I can't see why the HVAC techs were connected to a network that included Target's customer data.
mak63
mak63,
User Rank: Apprentice
2/8/2014 | 12:28:31 AM
answers
Did Target secure Fazio's access to its network using two-factor authentication?

Probably I'm wrong for saying this, but if the credentials were stolen, what difference would have made how many level of authentication you had in place?

What level of network access did Target grant to Fazio?

There was a breach, so the answer is clear to me. Pretty much all what the hackers needed.

Were Target's HVAC appliances located on an isolated network segment that should have prevented attackers from accessing other network-connected systems?

As isolated as a driver in Los Angeles in the rush hour. Again, because we know about the breach, the answer is that the HVAC appliances were not iisolated as they should have been.

 
mak63
mak63,
User Rank: Apprentice
2/8/2014 | 12:09:09 AM
Re: The Internet of...
@Somedude8

If the antivirus fails to detect a malware in the microwave, we're doom, dooom and we'll also get sick for eating uncooked food. Luckyly the TV will know this and will recommend Alka-Seltzer or something like that.
Drew Conry-Murray
Drew Conry-Murray,
User Rank: Ninja
2/7/2014 | 10:13:52 AM
Re: The Internet of...
How many hops from an HVAC system to a cash register? The Internet of Things is going to be a hoot.
Bob Gezelter
Bob Gezelter,
User Rank: Apprentice
2/7/2014 | 8:39:51 AM
Compartmented Networks are important; Access should require "Need to Know"
Sadly, the reported pathology is a represents a long-solved problem. Since the mid-1990's, it has been well-understood that protecting devices connected to a network requires more than a single level of protection. The access limitations to different groups of systems cannot be implemented by a single set of firewall rules. This was noted in my Security on the Internet chapter in the 1995 Computer Security Handbook, 3rd Edition (Hutt, Bosworth, and Hoyt; Wiley). My 2008 presentation on Compartmented Networks from the 11th New York State Cybersecurity Conference described how to implement and use such networks.

There is simply no reason why the network access granted to an HVAC contractor for monitoring HVAC equipment should have included access to the production transactional data network. Being somewhat speculative, the POS terminals and supporting systems should have been in a separate network compartment, with an encrypted tunnel connecting the store-located systems to the transactional back end systems serving the corporation.


Such a network topology greatly limits the ways in which a critical system can be compromised.


- Bob Gezelter, http://www.rlgsc.com; Contributing Editor, Computer Security Handbook (3rd, 4th, 4th, and 6th Editions)
Charlie Babcock
Charlie Babcock,
User Rank: Ninja
2/6/2014 | 5:48:36 PM
Breach of outside consultant opened up Pacific NW National Labs
It was an outside, off-premises researcher whose computer workstation was compromised that gave hackers access to the Pacific Northwest National Labs in its July 2011 security breach. It's very hard for a good IT organization to know what all of its contractors are doing.
Marilyn Cohodas
Marilyn Cohodas,
User Rank: Strategist
2/6/2014 | 3:58:48 PM
Re: The Internet of...
This really demonstrates that the convergence of physical security with IT security has defintely arrived... Be warned!
Page 1 / 2   >   >>


Edge-DRsplash-10-edge-articles
I Smell a RAT! New Cybersecurity Threats for the Crypto Industry
David Trepp, Partner, IT Assurance with accounting and advisory firm BPM LLP,  7/9/2021
News
Attacks on Kaseya Servers Led to Ransomware in Less Than 2 Hours
Robert Lemos, Contributing Writer,  7/7/2021
Commentary
It's in the Game (but It Shouldn't Be)
Tal Memran, Cybersecurity Expert, CYE,  7/9/2021
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon
Current Issue
Incorporating a Prevention Mindset into Threat Detection and Response
Threat detection and response systems, by definition, are reactive because they have to wait for damage to be done before finding the attack. With a prevention-mindset, security teams can proactively anticipate the attacker's next move, rather than reacting to specific threats or trying to detect the latest techniques in real-time. The report covers areas enterprises should focus on: What positive response looks like. Improving security hygiene. Combining preventive actions with red team efforts.
Flash Poll
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2022-25878
PUBLISHED: 2022-05-27
The package protobufjs before 6.11.3 are vulnerable to Prototype Pollution which can allow an attacker to add/modify properties of the Object.prototype. This vulnerability can occur in multiple ways: 1. by providing untrusted user input to util.setProperty or to ReflectionObject.setParsedOption ...
CVE-2021-27780
PUBLISHED: 2022-05-27
The software may be vulnerable to both Un-Auth XML interaction and unauthenticated device enrollment.
CVE-2021-27781
PUBLISHED: 2022-05-27
The Master operator may be able to embed script tag in HTML with alert pop-up display cookie.
CVE-2022-1897
PUBLISHED: 2022-05-27
Out-of-bounds Write in GitHub repository vim/vim prior to 8.2.
CVE-2022-20666
PUBLISHED: 2022-05-27
Multiple vulnerabilities in the web-based management interface of Cisco Common Services Platform Collector (CSPC) Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to conduct a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack against a user of the interface. These vulnerabilities are due to insufficient va...