Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Endpoint

6/14/2017
02:38 PM
Connect Directly
Twitter
LinkedIn
Google+
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Microsoft Security Updates Include Windows XP, Server 2003

Microsoft extends its monthly security updates to respond to a rise in cyberattacks and fix serious flaws in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

Microsoft this week rolled out its monthly security update, which includes fixes for 96 CVEs in Windows, Skype, Office, Internet Explorer, and Microsoft Edge. This massive wave of releases provided updates for unsupported services Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

Although fixes for unsupported platforms are still created under custom support agreements with business customers who have paid for them, it is extremely rare for Microsoft to release patches for end-of-life operating systems to the general public. (They issued an out-of-band patch for Internet Explorer on XP in 2014 shortly after support ended.) 

Microsoft security engineers conducted an assessment of the current threat landscape and made the uncommon decision to provide patches for systems they no longer support.

"Today … we have taken action to provide additional critical security updates to address vulnerabilities that are at heightened risk of exploitation due to past nation-state activity and disclosures," writes Eric Doerr, general manager for Microsoft's Security Response Center.

Of the issues addressed in this release, 18 are rated Critical, 76 are Important, one is rated Moderate, and one is of Low severity. Customers with automatic updates enabled do not need to take additional action; those updating older platforms should patch as soon as possible.

A few key fixes enterprise users should focus on include CVE-2017-8543, a patch that covers a Remote Code Execution Vulnerability in the Windows OS. This flaw lets attackers assume control over a victim machine by sending an SMB request to Windows Search.

"Attackers are mostly relying on unpatched systems," says Amol Sarwate, director of engineering at Qualys. He adds that businesses should note CVE-2017-8507, which lets attackers send malicious emails and take complete control when a user views it in Outlook.

"This month's release shows that security problems from years ago still exist, even in modern software," says Dustin Childs, communications manager for the Zero Day Initiative. "You have bugs that look like bugs used in Stuxnet. You have bugs that look like worms. You have Flash and Shockwave problems that never seem to go away."

While the bugs stay the same, he continues, the threat is changing from miscreants and criminals to nation-states and more sophisticated attackers.

Many of this month's patches were created to avoid another WannaCry, which primarily hit Windows 7 machines but could also happen on Windows 10. Microsoft issued an emergency patch for Windows XP following the attack, and many fixes in this month's security release protect against potential attacks similar to WannaCry, writes Adrienne Hall, general manager for Microsoft's Cyber Defense Operations Center, in the Windows Blog.

The company also faces a threat presented by Shadow Brokers, the hacker group which recently began a subscription service to sell exploits allegedly belonging to the NSA. Microsoft confirmed to ZDNet that its latest wave of patches fixed three vulnerabilities built by the NSA. All were for problems it initially would not fix because they affected older Windows systems.

Microsoft warns this level of support cannot be expected in the long term; this week's patches for Windows XP and Server 2003 should be considered a temporary solution. Customers are urged to upgrade to newer systems, which have security protections older versions lack.

"Our decision today to release these security updates for platforms not in extended support should not be viewed as a departure from our standard servicing policies," Doerr says.

Sarwate says he does not expect Microsoft to continue support for unpatched systems but adds this is a "double-edged sword" for customer security.

"If they do not release those patches, they are putting industry operating systems at risk," he says. "On the other hand, if they do this frequently, it takes away from their goal of getting people out of Windows XP and upgrading to older operating systems."

Unfortunately, sometimes upgrading is not possible because of regulatory or other constraints, says Childs. Oftentimes businesses follow the adage of "if it ain't broken, don't fix it," a mindset that will put their organizations in danger as attackers target unsupported systems.

Black Hat USA returns to the fabulous Mandalay Bay in Las Vegas, Nevada, July 22-27, 2017. Click for information on the conference schedule and to register.

Outside of system upgrades, businesses can take steps to protect against attacks on Microsoft systems, experts say: disable old and unused protocols, do not use administrative privileges, protect with external entities like firewalls, and of course, apply patches as they are released.

Attacks of the future could be worse than WannaCry, warns Sean Dillon, senior security analyst for RiskSense.

"The greatest threat is not necessarily ransomware," he says. "Installation of stealthier malware, such as banking spyware and key-loggers, as well as exfiltration of intellectual property or classified information, is a huge risk if an attacker is able to breach into the internal network and install back-doors."

Related Content:

Kelly Sheridan is the Staff Editor at Dark Reading, where she focuses on cybersecurity news and analysis. She is a business technology journalist who previously reported for InformationWeek, where she covered Microsoft, and Insurance & Technology, where she covered financial ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
7 Ways VPNs Can Turn from Ally to Threat
Curtis Franklin Jr., Senior Editor at Dark Reading,  9/21/2019
Security Pros Value Disclosure ... Sometimes
Dark Reading Staff 9/19/2019
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Write a Caption, Win a Starbucks Card! Click Here
Latest Comment: I wish they'd put a sock in it.
Current Issue
7 Threats & Disruptive Forces Changing the Face of Cybersecurity
This Dark Reading Tech Digest gives an in-depth look at the biggest emerging threats and disruptive forces that are changing the face of cybersecurity today.
Flash Poll
The State of IT Operations and Cybersecurity Operations
The State of IT Operations and Cybersecurity Operations
Your enterprise's cyber risk may depend upon the relationship between the IT team and the security team. Heres some insight on what's working and what isn't in the data center.
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2019-10754
PUBLISHED: 2019-09-23
Multiple classes used within Apereo CAS before release 6.1.0-RC5 makes use of apache commons-lang3 RandomStringUtils for token and ID generation which makes them predictable due to RandomStringUtils PRNG's algorithm not being cryptographically strong.
CVE-2019-10755
PUBLISHED: 2019-09-23
The SAML identifier generated within SAML2Utils.java was found to make use of the apache commons-lang3 RandomStringUtils class which makes them predictable due to RandomStringUtils PRNG's algorithm not being cryptographically strong. This issue only affects the 3.X release of pac4j-saml.
CVE-2019-1255
PUBLISHED: 2019-09-23
A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Defender improperly handles files, aka 'Microsoft Defender Denial of Service Vulnerability'.
CVE-2019-1367
PUBLISHED: 2019-09-23
A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer, aka 'Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability'. This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2019-1221.
CVE-2019-11277
PUBLISHED: 2019-09-23
Cloud Foundry NFS Volume Service, 1.7.x versions prior to 1.7.11 and 2.x versions prior to 2.3.0, is vulnerable to LDAP injection. A remote authenticated malicious space developer can potentially inject LDAP filters via service instance creation, facilitating the malicious space developer to deny se...