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6/25/2018
12:50 PM
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iOS Hack Lets Attackers Brute Force iPhone, iPad Passcodes

A vulnerability in Apple's iOS lets anyone with a Lightning cable bypass the passcode entry restriction designed to protect the company's devices.

Any hacker equipped with the right knowledge and a Lightning cable can bypass iOS's passcode entry restriction and break into an iPhone or iPad, researcher Matthew Hickey has discovered.

Hickey, co-founder of Hacker House, found a means of bypassing systemwide encryption and secure enclaves that Apple introduced to block brute-force attacks. Secure enclaves, a hardware security measure built for cryptographic processes and biometric data protection, work with the newest iOS software to delay incorrect passcode attempts. The more times someone enters an incorrect passcode, the longer the iOS blocks future attempts to enter the device.

In a report on ZDNet, Hickey explains how an attacker can bypass this security restriction by connecting the device to a Lightning cable and entering one long string of passcodes via keyboard input. He later reported this works because not all tested passcodes are sent to the secure enclave. Even when 20 or more passcodes are entered, only four or five might be sent to the enclave for testing.

This type of attack may not be usable in iOS 12 when Apple rolls out USB Restricted Mode, a new security measure designed to prevent break-ins by turning the Lightning cable into a charge-only port if the device hasn't recently been unlocked. The update is a source of frustration for digital forensics firms like Grayshift, which claims to have defeated it.

Read more details here.

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BradleyRoss
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BradleyRoss,
User Rank: Moderator
6/28/2018 | 8:11:23 PM
Re: Patch Release...stat
It appears that the specific approach mentioned in this article doesn't work at unlocking the device, although Cellebrite, GrayShift (GrayKey) and a few others have developed hacks that apparently test a passcode and then interrupt the process before the counter of consecutive failed passcodes is incremented.  It would seem to me that the problem could be resolved by incrementing the counter before testing the passcode.  I have doubts about blocking the USB data because I don't think that would really close the vulnerabilities.
RyanSepe
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RyanSepe,
User Rank: Ninja
6/25/2018 | 1:28:12 PM
Patch Release...stat
This needs to be mitigated as soon as possible. This essentially means that if an iDevice is to be stolen a malicious actor can easily pass tons of data without any kind of hindrance to try and get in.
When It Comes To Security Tools, More Isn't More
Lamont Orange, Chief Information Security Officer at Netskope,  1/11/2021
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