Businesses are embracing the cloud at a rate that outpaces their ability to secure it. That's according to 60% of security experts surveyed for Firemon's first "State of Hybrid Cloud Security Survey," released this week.
Researchers polled more than 400 information security professionals, from operations to C-level, about their approach to network security across hybrid cloud environments. They learned not only are security pros worried – oftentimes they don't have jurisdiction over the cloud.
Most respondents say their businesses are already deployed in the cloud: Half have two or more different clouds deployed, while 40% are running in hybrid cloud environments. Nearly 25% have two or more different clouds in the proof-of-concept stage or are planning deployment within the next year.
Only 56% of respondents report network security, security operations, or security teams manage cloud security, while the remaining 44% report IT/cloud teams, application owners, or other teams outside the security division are in charge of security for the cloud. Tim Woods, vice president of technology alliances at Firemon, calls it "fragmented security" or "fragmented responsibility." Business owners and DevOps teams often take over responsibility for the cloud.
"It's not hard when you're starting out," says Woods of cloud security. "But as you deploy more apps in the cloud and cloud adoption grows, if you don't have a process that surrounds that – especially around a common security policy – down the road we'll hit bigger problems."
Survey data indicates businesses are inadvertently driving complexity by adopting multiple, disparate point products on-prem and across public and private clouds. The complexity is compounded by a lack of integrated tools and training needed to maintain security across environments. A rush to deploy cloud-based services has surpassed the ability to protect them.
For example, researchers found 59% of respondents use two or more different firewalls. Of those using more than one firewall, 67% also use two or more public cloud platforms. Woods says it's fairly easy to lose track of the myriad cloud services and applications in the enterprise.
"Depending on the organization's size, you have a lot of people doing a lot of things across a lot of different market sectors and business areas," he explains. "It's no surprise they don't have a good handle on their assets deployed in the cloud." After all, he points out, adopting a cloud application or service "is as easy as swiping a credit card," and many cloud-based tools are free.
The Move to DevSecOps
Some businesses recognized the problem of cloud security early on and have taken steps to address it by integrating existing teams and hiring cloud professionals, Woods explains. Many are starting with the development process, bringing together security and DevOps teams.
Nearly 44% of respondents and 46% of C-level respondents report the acceleration of DevOps has positively affected security operations. More than 30% say they're part of the DevOps team, and more than 19% say they have a close, positive relationship with the DevOps team.
Still, work remains. Thirty percent of security pros surveyed say their relationships with DevOps are complicated, contentious, not worth mentioning, or nonexistent.
Woods says regulatory changes, such as the EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the California Consumer Privacy Act, are influencing the ways people bring security into the development process. Both of these acts mandate security to be built-in by design. If an organization suffers an outage and data loss and cannot show security was integrated by default, it will suffer higher penalties, he explains.
This realization has made its way to the C-suite, where people are realizing the need for better oversight around cloud security deployment. In many organizations, executives are recognizing regulatory changes and the reality of "pay now or pay later," Woods says.
What's Holding Back Non-Adopters?
Organizations hesitant to adopt the cloud are primarily holding back due to poor visibility, the survey shows. Forty-five percent cite lack of visibility, lack of training, and lack of control as the top three challenges to securing their public cloud environments. Oftentimes, the tools businesses have don't provide proper visibility in a hybrid enterprise with multiple clouds and on-prem tools.
"Having good visibility into all that is critical if you're going to manage it," Woods says. "You can't manage what you can't see, and you can't secure what you don't know about."
Many organizations are eager to move to the cloud but don't want to put their information at risk. Data is the currency of many modern enterprises, he continues, and they worry about its safety. At the same time, they don't want to risk being noncompetitive by staying stagnant.
Despite the challenges, Woods anticipates adoption will continue to accelerate. "One thing I don't think is going to happen is I don't think cloud deployment is going to slow down," he says.
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