Add another data point to the growing body of evidence on the deep gender divide in the high-tech industry.
A new survey by ISACA shows that far more men than women think women have equal career advancement opportunities in cybersecurity.
ISACA surveyed more than 2,300 cybersecurity professionals holding certifications such as Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) and Cybersecurity Nexus Practitioner (CSXP) on a variety of issues related to their jobs and careers.
The survey found 82% of male respondents saying women have the same opportunities as men for career advancement. In contrast, just 51% of female respondents said the same thing.
The startling disparity in perspective between the genders was somewhat smaller in the 51% of organizations in the ISACA survey that had a formal diversity program in place. In these organizations men and women appeared somewhat more aligned in their thinking on the matter compared with organizations without a diversity program. Eighty-seven percent of male respondents and 77% of females believed that men and women had equal career advancement opportunities in cybersecurity.
The sharply differing views on career advancement between men and women reflected in the ISACA study mirror those in other studies that have found similar disparities in other areas as well. Numerous studies, for instance, have shown that male employees in Silicon Valley are routinely paid substantially more for the same work than women in identical roles and with the same experience and qualifications. Men in high tech are also far likelier to advance more quickly in their careers than their female counterparts.
"In practice, cybersecurity jobs should be competency-based," says Susan Snedaker, director of infrastructure and operations at Tucson Medical Center. But in reality, there is a gender gap in all technology fields. "The reasons are many, but part of the problem is that women drop out of tech jobs at a higher rate than men," she says. Driving that statistic is a male-dominated culture at some tech companies and in some cybersecurity training programs. "It’s really difficult working in a job where you are constantly challenged, not because you aren't smart, but because you aren't 'us'," she says.
Given the skills crisis in the industry, it would seem obvious that cybersecurity is a great career for women, "but the hurdles can be daunting," Snedaker says. "Cybersecurity leaders need to do a better job ensuring they build inclusive teams and merit-based rewards."
Rob Clyde, vice-chair of ISACA, points to a PricewaterhouseCoopers report showing men are four times as likely to hold senior cybersecurity positions than females. "Women are underrepresented at every level in cybersecurity, and recruitment and retention programs need to focus on how to change that," Clyde notes.
An effective diversity program that offers employees career development opportunities, mentoring, access, and support are critical, he says. Also vital is inclusive leadership. "IT leaders need to be educated so they can run effective teams, which includes hiring, training, and retaining diverse talent," Clyde says.
"Training programs need to meet the needs of the organization and be gender-neutral," Clyde adds. Training needs to be conducted in a manner where it is equally effective for both men and women, he says.
Another key finding in the ISACA report is just how persistent the skills gap continues to be for organizations across the board.
"Cybersecurity skills shortages have been major headlines for years now, but finding qualified candidates with solid technical skills is still a significant challenge," Clyde says.
The ISACA survey found 25% of the respondents believe it takes six months or more to fill an open cybersecurity position, Clyde says. "Fortunately, since enterprise cybersecurity budgets are increasing at a faster rate than ever, there are more dollars available for training to develop hands-on technical skills," Clyde says.
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