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 Robert Graham
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News & Commentary Posts: 10
Articles by Robert Graham

How To Hack A Brazilian Power Company

11/17/2009
The recent "60 Minutes" story claiming hackers had caused power outages in Brazil was (likely) bogus, but that doesn't mean hackers can't do this. The story got widespread coverage in the Brazilian press, which meant hackers there were suddenly interested in the subject. And just days later, chatter appeared on Brazilian hacker Websites expressing interest in ONS, the Website of Brazil's national power grid operator.

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Partially Spilled COFEE

11/10/2009
It turns out the version of COFEE (Computer Online Forensic Evidence Extractor) posted to BitTorrent sites is incomplete: It contains only 45 commands, whereas Microsoft claims the tool executes more than 150 commands. It grabs neither browser history nor password hashes. It runs only built-in Windows commands, sysinternals tools, and resource kit tools.

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WiFi = Mobile Phone

11/6/2009
Traditionally, we've thought of WiFi as the way we connect to the Internet from our notebook computers. This is rapidly changing, with definite implications for security pros.

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PHPBB Password Analysis

2/6/2009
A popular Website, phpbb.com, was recently hacked. The hacker published approximately 20,000 user passwords from the site. This is like candy to us security professionals because it's hard data we can use to figure out how users choose passwords. I wrote a program to analyze these passwords looking for patterns, and came up with some interesting results.

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How Hackers Will Crack Your Password

1/21/2009
I've been cracking passwords lately for pen tests, and I'm surprised at how corporate guidelines don't really help people choose passwords. As in many places in security, a disconnect exists between how people secure systems and how hackers break systems. So the following is a brief description of what hackers do (or, at least, what I do when pen-testing systems).

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IE7 Zero-Day Lessons

12/19/2008
The recent zero-day IE7 vulnerability is a big deal. Hackers used it to hack into hundreds of thousands of machines, if not millions. Both IE7 and Vista are vastly more secure than their predecessors, yet this bug sliced right through them to give the hacker a robust exploit. We need to do a post mortem of this event to figure out what we should do in the future.

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Bending Skein Code

11/6/2008
Few of the submissions to NIST's hash standard contest have been optimized for desktop/server processors. One, though, known as Skein, seems to have considered this. It is designed specifically to run well on Intel Core 2 processors -- without sacrificing speed on other processors or security.

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Edge-DRsplash-10-edge-articles
I Smell a RAT! New Cybersecurity Threats for the Crypto Industry
David Trepp, Partner, IT Assurance with accounting and advisory firm BPM LLP,  7/9/2021
News
Attacks on Kaseya Servers Led to Ransomware in Less Than 2 Hours
Robert Lemos, Contributing Writer,  7/7/2021
Commentary
It's in the Game (but It Shouldn't Be)
Tal Memran, Cybersecurity Expert, CYE,  7/9/2021
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CVE-2021-33900
PUBLISHED: 2021-07-26
While investigating DIRSTUDIO-1219 it was noticed that configured StartTLS encryption was not applied when any SASL authentication mechanism (DIGEST-MD5, GSSAPI) was used. While investigating DIRSTUDIO-1220 it was noticed that any configured SASL confidentiality layer was not applied. This issue aff...
CVE-2021-21440
PUBLISHED: 2021-07-26
Generated Support Bundles contains private S/MIME and PGP keys if containing folder is not hidden. This issue affects: OTRS AG ((OTRS)) Community Edition 6.0.x version 6.0.1 and later versions. OTRS AG OTRS 7.0.x version 7.0.27 and prior versions; 8.0.x version 8.0.14 and prior versions.
CVE-2021-21442
PUBLISHED: 2021-07-26
In the project create screen it's possible to inject malicious JS code to the certain fields. The code might be executed in the Reporting screen. This issue affects: OTRS AG Time Accounting: 7.0.x versions prior to 7.0.19.
CVE-2021-21443
PUBLISHED: 2021-07-26
Agents are able to list customer user emails without required permissions in the bulk action screen. This issue affects: OTRS AG ((OTRS)) Community Edition: 6.0.x version 6.0.1 and later versions. OTRS AG OTRS: 7.0.x versions prior to 7.0.27.
CVE-2021-36091
PUBLISHED: 2021-07-26
Agents are able to list appointments in the calendars without required permissions. This issue affects: OTRS AG ((OTRS)) Community Edition: 6.0.x version 6.0.1 and later versions. OTRS AG OTRS: 7.0.x versions prior to 7.0.27.