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Attacks/Breaches

6/24/2019
01:00 PM
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Raspberry Pi Used in JPL Breach

NASA report shows exfiltration totaling more than 100 GB of information since 2009.

Auditors' reports tend to make for dry reading. But NASA's Inspector General has delivered a report on "Cybersecurity Management and Oversight at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory" that includes twists and turns — like a hacker using a vulnerable, unapproved Raspberry Pi as a doorway into JPL systems.

That Raspberry Pi was responsible for 500 megabytes of NASA Mars mission data leaving JPL servers. The intrusion resulted in an advanced persistent threat (APT) that was active in JPL's network for more than a year before being discovered.

This was the most recent breach listed in the report. Other breaches noted date back to 2009 and include exfiltration totaling more than 100 gigabytes of information. Several of the intrusions feature command-and-control servers with IP addresses located in China, though the responsibility for the latest attack was not assigned to any country or actor.

The Inspector General's report makes a number of suggestions, including greater network segmentation, more rigorous external device approval, and an improved trouble ticket process, for improving cybersecurity at the lab.

Read more here.

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tdsan
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tdsan,
User Rank: Ninja
6/27/2019 | 9:16:06 PM
Identified and found numerous security vulnerabilities
We also found that security problem log tickets, created in the ITSDB when a potential or actual IT system security vulnerability is identified, were not resolved for extended periods of time—sometimes longer than 180 days.
However, we found the database inventory incomplete and inaccurate, placing at risk JPL's ability to effectively monitor, report, and respond to security incidents.
Further, we found that JPL's network gateway that controls partner access to a shared IT environment for specific missions and data had not been properly segmented to limit users only to those systems and applications for which they had approved access.
PL had not implemented a threat hunting program recommended by IT security experts to aggressively pursue abnormal activity on its systems for signs of compromise, and instead rely on an ad hoc process to search for intruders.
We found that multiple JPL incident management and response practices deviate from NASA and recommended industry practices.For example, unlike NASA's Security Operations Center (SOC), JPL's SOC does not maintain round-the-clock availability of IT security incident responders and JPL's incident response plan does not include all federally-recommended elements.
In addition, team coordination issues delayed completion of incident containment and eradication steps for the April 2018 incident.
No controls were in place to ensure JPL compliance with this requirement nor did NASA officials have access to JPL's incident management system.
As of March 2019, the Agency had not approved JPL's plans to implement new IT security policies and requirements NASA included in its October 2018 contract.

From looking at the report, the JPL Raspberry PI was just one item that was a major issue, I think where I am confused is how did a device from the public get on the network of NASA's Jet Propulsion system's network? There should have been some sort of notification that looked up MAC addresses that were purchased or perform a reg-ex lookup of mac addresses that are not on the production network's device purchase list.
MAC Address/OUIVendor
B8:27:EB Raspberry Pi Foundation
Cisco Network - show mac address-table | in b8:27:eb
show ip arp vlan <vlan no> | include b827.eb

This is from NASA's final security report - https://oig.nasa.gov/docs/IG-19-022.pdf. They stated this occurred over the last 10 years. I am not sure about the rest of the group but the contract, employees and the rest of the security department should all be fired from this point (start from the top, remove everyone and start again).

This is what I mean by incompentence at the highest level.

Todd S
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