Security experts began broadcasting that warning Wednesday after reports emerged that nearly 6.5 million LinkedIn password hashes--encrypted using SHA1, but not salted--had been posted to a Russian hacking forum on Monday, together with a request to help decrypt them.
Hackers have already reported breaking 163,267 of the passwords, reported Norwegian news outlet Dagen IT, which Wednesday broke the news of the LinkedIn password breach.
LinkedIn confirmed that it's investigating the potential password breach. "Our team is currently looking into reports of stolen passwords. Stay tuned for more," read a Wednesday tweet from LinkedIn News.
[ Read about how hackers accessed a Romney Webmail account. See Romney Campaign Investigates Hotmail Account Hack. ]
What should LinkedIn users do? "First change your LinkedIn password. Then prepare for scam emails about Linkedin password changes, linking to phishing sites. Will happen," said Mikko Hypponen, chief research officer at F-Secure, via Twitter.
Security expert Per Thorsheim tweeted that he'd reviewed the uploaded password hashes and recovered at least 300,000 of them. "The number of [occurrences] of 'linkedin' in those passwords leave little doubt about the origin. Change password NOW!" Meanwhile, a post from the Security Ninja website's Twitter feed noted that "after getting the list of @linkedin hashes and hashing my old pwd with no salt there is a match for the hash in the list." Accordingly, it said that it was "best to assume the worst and change your password."
Evidently, LinkedIn didn't salt its passwords--a practice recommended by security experts that involves adding a unique string to each password before encrypting it. Had the passwords been salted, it would have made them more difficult for attackers to reverse the SHA1 password hashes. In fact, attackers may have already decrypted the passwords, and they may also have users' passwords and email addresses. "Although the data which has been released so far does not include associated email addresses, it is reasonable to assume that such information may be in the hands of the criminals," said Graham Cluley, senior technology consultant at Sophos, in a blog post.
The Computer Emergency Response Team of Finland (CERT-FI) Wednesday warned that many more than the 6,458,020 uploaded password hashes are likely to have been obtained by attackers. "Not all LinkedIn passwords have been published, but it is likely that an attacker is in possession of the rest of the passwords," it said.
According to LinkedIn, as of March 31, 2012, it had 161 million members.
CERT-FI also advised anyone who had reused their LinkedIn password on another site to immediately change it there as well, since it will be at risk of being hacked by anyone who downloads and reverses the uploaded LinkedIn password hashes.
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