A federal grand jury returned indictments against Sergei Tsurikov, 25, of Tallinn, Estonia; Viktor Pleshchuk, 28, of St. Petersburg, Russia; Oleg Covelin, 28, of Chisinau, Moldova; and a person identified only as "Hacker 3."
A year ago, RBS WorldPay, owned by the Royal Bank of Scotland, was hacked in what Acting U.S. Attorney Sally Quillian Yates described as "perhaps the most sophisticated and organized computer fraud attack ever conducted."
On December 23, 2008, the company announced that on November 10 of that year, it had discovered "its computer system had been improperly accessed by an unauthorized party."
RBS WorldPay, which processes credit and debit transactions for other financial companies, said that certain personal information for 1.5 million cardholders and other individuals may have been affected and that as many as 1.1 million of these people may have had their social security numbers accessed.
According to the indictment, the alleged fraud arising from the incident involved far less information -- 44 payroll debit cards.
The indictment says that Covelin identified the vulnerability in RBS WorldPay's network that allowed the hackers to get in and that Pleshchuk and Tsurikov "developed a method by which the conspirators reverse engineered Personal Identification Numbers (PINs) from the encrypted data on the RBS WorldPay computer network."
The defendants were then able to raise the withdrawal limits on RBS WorldPay's prepaid payroll cards, which are linked to accounts that receive direct deposit payments for employees.
On or about November 8, 2008, the group allegedly coordinated a distributed series of ATM withdrawals during a twelve hour period "at over 2,100 ATMs located in at least 280 cities around the world, including in the United States, Russia, Ukraine, Estonia, Italy, Hong Kong, Japan, and Canada."
Over $9 million was stolen and the "cashers" -- associates who carried out the actual cash withdrawals -- were allowed to allowed to keep between 30% and 50% of the amount they withdrew, with the remainder being wired back to the hackers.
Having access to the RBS WorldPay network, Pleshchuk and Tsurikov allegedly monitored the withdrawals and then attempted to cover their tracks by destroying data on the network.
If convicted, the four men face up to 20 years in prison for wire fraud charges; up to five years in prison for conspiracy to commit computer fraud; as many as 10 years in prison for each count of computer fraud; a two-year mandatory minimum sentence for aggravated identity theft; and fines up to $3.5 million dollars, according to the U.S. Department of Justice.
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