Quan-Sheng Shu pleaded guilty Monday in U.S. District Court in Norfolk to charges of bribery in violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and breaking the federal Arms Export Control Act.
The U.S. Department of Justice said the physicist in Newport News exported technical space launch data and defense services to the People's Republic of China and offered bribes to Chinese government officials.
Shu, a naturalized U.S. citizen, exported defense services from January 2003 through October 2007 by helping China design and develop a cryogenic fueling system for space launch vehicles in Hainan, China, U.S. prosecutors said in an indictment. China plans to use the facility to launch space stations, satellites, manned space flights, and lunar missions, according to the complaint. The People's Liberation Army's General Armaments Department and the 101st Research Institute, which is overseen by China's Industry for the National Defense, run the facility.
The U.S. government also claimed that Shu illegally exported controlled military data in a document entitled "Commercial Information, Technical Proposal and Budgetary Officer -- Design, Supply, Engineering, Fabrication, Testing & Commissioning of 100m3 Liquid Hydrogen Tank and Various Special Cryogenic Pumps, Valves, Filters and Instruments," on December 20, 2003.
Finally, the U.S. government also charged Shu with using his U.S. company, AMAC, and a French company he represented, to offer money to Chinese government officials for a contract for the development of a 600 liter per hour liquid hydrogen tank system. The complaint states that he offered "percentage points" worth about $56,800 in February and April 2006. In May 2006, he offered another $75,700 in points, bringing the total to $189,300, according to the complaint.
In January 2007, the French company that Shu represented won the $4 million hydrogen liquefier project.
Shu, 68, will be sentenced April 6, 2009. He faces a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison and a fine of $1,000,000 for each violation of the Arms Export Control Act, and a possible maximum sentence of five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 or twice the gross gain for violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.