Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

Attacks/Breaches

Hacker Apparently Triggers Illinois Water Pump Burnout

Attack illustrates the extent to which industrial control systems are Internet-connected, yet lack basic password checks or access controls.

Federal authorities are investigating a hack that resulted in the burnout of a water pump at the Curran-Gardner Township Public Water District in Illinois. Located west of Springfield, Ill., the utility serves about 2,200 customers.

A hacker apparently exploited a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system that managed the water pump and set the pump to continually turn on and off. Only after the pump failed, earlier this month, did plant operators discover that their systems had been exploited, apparently in September. The attack appeared to have been launched from a server based in Russia.

Federal authorities said they're investigating the attack, but offered no specifics about the exploit. "DHS and the FBI are gathering facts surrounding the report of a water pump failure in Springfield, Illinois," Department of Homeland Security spokesman Peter Boogaard said in a statement. "At this time there is no credible corroborated data that indicates a risk to critical infrastructure entities or a threat to public safety."

[ Get the scoop on industrial control system threat Duqu. Read 7 Facts On Duqu Malware Attacks. ]

According to news reports, Illinois officials discovered that the attacker had exploited an instance of phpMyAdmin running at the facility. The open source tool, according to its Sourceforge project notes, is "intended to handle the administration of MySQL over the Web."

But why was a water treatment facility using phpMyAdmin, which has over 100 known vulnerabilities? "I run a reasonably low-profile, small website for myself and some friends and at one point had installed phpMyAdmin to assist them with daily SQL management chores," said Chester Wisniewski, a senior security advisor at Sophos Canada, in a blog post. "I removed it four years ago after a never-ending stream of severe vulnerabilities made it too risky for my play site."

"Convenience and price are always desirable to those responsible for managing these systems, but this is bordering on criminally negligent when you are responsible for our water, power, gas, and other sensitive utilities," he said.

According to industrial control system security expert Joe Weiss, managing partner at Applied Control Solutions, the Illinois SCADA hack has also exposed fundamental critical infrastructure information-sharing problems. "The system is broken," said Weiss on his blog. Notably, by Thursday--after news of the attack had spread--"none of the water utilities I have spoken to were aware of it," he said. That's because no information about the incident had been distributed via the industry-focused information sharing and analysis centers (ISACs), or by fusion centers meant to coordinate terrorism prevention and response efforts between federal agencies and local and state governments.

"The disclosure was made by a state organization, but has not been disclosed by the Water ISAC, the DHS Daily unclassified report, the ICS-CERT [the DHS Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team], etc.," said Weiss. He said that the government must do a much better job of coordinating and disclosing information about these types of attacks, and in a timely manner.

For helping to prevent future such attacks, he's also called for better "control system cybersecurity training and policies," and urged control system users to put better processes and technology in place for supporting digital forensics.

The Illinois water hack has already inspired another, more recent exploit, this one against a water treatment facility in South Houston, Texas. The hacker who took credit for the intrusion, who goes by the handle "pr0f," released screenshots of the exploited programmable logic controller (PLC). But he told Threatpost that the Siemens Simatic human machine interface (HMI) software that he exploited was Internet-connected, and protected with only a three-character password.

"This was barely a hack. A child who knows how the HMI that comes with Simatic works could have accomplished this," he said. "I'm sorry this ain't a tale of advanced persistent threats and stuff, but frankly most compromises I've seen have been have been a result of gross stupidity, not incredible technical skill on the part of the attacker. Sorry to disappoint."

Read our report on how to guard your systems from a SQL attack. Download the report now. (Free registration required.)

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
CPOULIN 000
50%
50%
CPOULIN 000,
User Rank: Apprentice
11/21/2011 | 7:25:05 PM
re: Hacker Apparently Triggers Illinois Water Pump Burnout
In April of this year, Q1 Labs sponsored an independent Ponemon study that predicted exactly this attack profile: using cyber attack techniques to cripple physical assets, which would traditionally be subject to sabotage. IT Security in these organizations has the challenging task of protecting critical infrastructure against breach, but the resources are being placed elsewhere. In fact, the Ponemon study found a 10X delta in security spend between physical security and IT security, and without change it will continue to be the IT infrastructure that is under attack. If you want to see the full survey results, you can find them at http://q1labs.com/resource-cen.... - Chris Poulin, Q1 Labs
SanDiegoJM
50%
50%
SanDiegoJM,
User Rank: Apprentice
11/21/2011 | 5:41:43 PM
re: Hacker Apparently Triggers Illinois Water Pump Burnout
San Diego Gas & Electric still cannot clearly explain why the power grid failed on September 8th, 2011 and left millions of customers in Southern California without power. SDG&E claims the grid failure and San Onofre Nuclear Power plant shutdown were victims of Gǣone employee changing a capacitor. Even after their own GǣinvestigationGǥ, they are at a loss to explain to the public what really caused the unpredicted power outage.
Sodinokibi Ransomware: Where Attackers' Money Goes
Kelly Sheridan, Staff Editor, Dark Reading,  10/15/2019
Data Privacy Protections for the Most Vulnerable -- Children
Dimitri Sirota, Founder & CEO of BigID,  10/17/2019
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon
Current Issue
7 Threats & Disruptive Forces Changing the Face of Cybersecurity
This Dark Reading Tech Digest gives an in-depth look at the biggest emerging threats and disruptive forces that are changing the face of cybersecurity today.
Flash Poll
2019 Online Malware and Threats
2019 Online Malware and Threats
As cyberattacks become more frequent and more sophisticated, enterprise security teams are under unprecedented pressure to respond. Is your organization ready?
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2019-13545
PUBLISHED: 2019-10-18
In Horner Automation Cscape 9.90 and prior, improper validation of data may cause the system to write outside the intended buffer area, which may allow arbitrary code execution.
CVE-2019-13541
PUBLISHED: 2019-10-18
In Horner Automation Cscape 9.90 and prior, an improper input validation vulnerability has been identified that may be exploited by processing files lacking user input validation. This may allow an attacker to access information and remotely execute arbitrary code.
CVE-2019-17367
PUBLISHED: 2019-10-18
OpenWRT firmware version 18.06.4 is vulnerable to CSRF via wireless/radio0.network1, wireless/radio1.network1, firewall, firewall/zones, firewall/forwards, firewall/rules, network/wan, network/wan6, or network/lan under /cgi-bin/luci/admin/network/.
CVE-2019-17393
PUBLISHED: 2019-10-18
The Customer's Tomedo Server in Version 1.7.3 communicates to the Vendor Tomedo Server via HTTP (in cleartext) that can be sniffed by unauthorized actors. Basic authentication is used for the authentication, making it possible to base64 decode the sniffed credentials and discover the username and pa...
CVE-2019-17526
PUBLISHED: 2019-10-18
** DISPUTED ** An issue was discovered in SageMath Sage Cell Server through 2019-10-05. Python Code Injection can occur in the context of an internet facing web application. Malicious actors can execute arbitrary commands on the underlying operating system, as demonstrated by an __import__('os').pop...