The first-ever Verizon Payment Card Industry Compliance Report, released today, analyzed findings from actual PCI DSS assessments Verizon conducted between 2008 and 2009. The report also shows that only 22 percent of organizations score as compliant with the PCI DSS at their first audit.
Protecting stored data, tracking and monitoring access to network resources and cardholder data, and regularly testing security systems and processes were the top three reasons for breaches in Verizon's 2010 Data Breach Investigations Report. And it's those three security areas where companies are having difficulty deploying or complying with in PCI, according to Verizon.
"We found a direct correlation to the top reasons for data breaches," says Jen Mack, director of global PCI consulting services at Verizon. "PCI requires protecting source data, monitoring and reviewing, and systematically checking and scanning and penetration testing ... And we could see those were the top reasons for breaches in our breach report. We see in our PCI report that these areas have the least amount of requirements in place at the time of their Initial Report on Compliance."
Mack says these are PCI compliance areas where organizations are most lagging behind. Overall, the numbers showing PCI-compliant companies being less likely to suffer a breach is good news for the specification, she says.
"I would say this is very good news for PCI," Mack says. "This pushes for maintaining good security practices."
The report analyzes findings in 200 PCI DSS assessments conducted by Verizon's PCI Qualified Security Assessors (QSAs), and correlates it with the company's breach report.
The top attack techniques used to breach payment card data were malware and hacking (25 percent); SQL injection attacks (24 percent); exploiting default or guessable credentials (21 percent); abuse of system access privileges (17 percent); use of stolen login credentials (14 percent); RAM scraper malware (13 percent); exploiting insufficient authorization (13 percent); packet sniffer (13 percent); and keylogger/spyware (13 percent), according to the report.
Interestingly, three-fourths of the organizations audited by Verizon met 79 percent of PCI testing processes. "So folks not in compliance are not that far off," Mack says. "PCI compliance is still an ongoing effort. It's more of a lifestyle change."
Verizon recommends building security into the business process, aligning compliance and security as one effort and approaching compliance as a continuous process rather than a "point-in-time event." And keeping the scope of the assessment manageable is also crucial, so Verizon advises controlling data closely.
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