Symantec is there, and so are Sourcefire and TippingPoint, but the most surprising speaker invited to Microsoft's exclusive, closed-door Blue Hat summit this week in Redmond, Wash., is WabiSabiLabi, the controversial online auction site for buyers and sellers of vulnerabilities. (See An Auction Site for Vulnerabilities and WabiSabiLabi on Deck at Blue Hat.)
Roberto Preatoni, strategic director for the Switzerland-based WSLabi, says he welcomed the opportunity to shed some light on the site's operations and dispel misconceptions about it. He told Microsoft yesterday that so far, WSLabi's buyers are security companies, and its sellers are either security companies or independent researchers.
Blue Hat is Microsoft's twice-yearly closed-door summit between hackers and Microsoft's own researchers and security product execs. Other speakers there this week are researchers from IO/Active (Dan Kaminsky), SPI Dynamics, Coseinc, Leviathan, and Sabre Security (Halvar Flake), as well as Microsoft's own researchers.
But it was WSLabi's presentations that turned heads. WSLabi, which promises confidential transactions between buyers and sellers of software vulnerabilities, has been criticized for commoditizing bug research and selling bugs to the highest bidder. WSLabi so far has logged over 1,000 subscriptions to its site, and has received 128 vulnerabilities, eight of which have been transacted online so far, according to Preatoni. Currently, the site shows 15 bugs on the online marketplace, but none have been bidden on as yet.
The marketplace's founders say they started the auction site because the responsible disclosure policy honored by many security researchers has been abused by security vendors, which basically get the bugs for free. That, they say, has led some researchers to go to the dark side to actually make money, selling their bugs to cybercriminals.
WSLabi's critics worry that it won't be easy to determine just how a buyer will actually use the bug -- for legitimate or nefarious purposes. And, many major software firms already have policies not to purchase vulnerabilities at all, they say.
Preatoni argues that bad guys wouldn't risk doing business on WSLabi. "There is a vetting process in place in which the potential buyer has to go through a series of checks, including matching the provided ID information with the bank account information," he says. "A criminal wouldn't accept the risk of buying from our marketplace if his ID is properly checked."
Preatoni says WSLabi has profiled the main visitors to its site, and so far the most frequent are Cisco, Microsoft, IBM, Veritas, Symantec, F-Secure, the U.S. Army, Oracle, VeriSign, and SAP, in that order.
To date, zero-day bugs and related proof-of-concepts have sold on WSLabi from anywhere between a few hundred euros to 5,000 euros, Preatoni says. WSLabi gets a 10 percent cut from each sale, and also maintains a vulnerability database as a service.
Meanwhile, Preatoni admits he was a bit surprised by Microsoft's invitation for him to participate at Blue Hat, but that WSLabi already had forged some key relationships with Microsoft's security people. "Microsoft is today the only vendor who is actively seeking to establish good relationships with the researcher community by meeting people at the various security conferences and workshops around the world," he says.
So how was WSLabi received by Microsofties at Blue Hat so far? "Very much positive overall. The attendees were pleased to hear about our project, we didn't hear much criticism," he says. "But again, they were all young people, very much open-minded."
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