Dark Reading is part of the Informa Tech Division of Informa PLC

This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them.Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Registered in England and Wales. Number 8860726.

ABTV //

Phishing

6/27/2019
05:30 PM
Larry Loeb
Larry Loeb
Larry Loeb
50%
50%

Wipro Breach Actually a Whole Campaign

India's third-largest IT outsourcing company, Wipro, was been breached and boarded, and getting to the bottom of the mess wasn't easy.

Brian Krebs had picked up rumors back in April 2019 that IT data processing company Wipro Ltd. -- India's third-largest IT outsourcing company -- had been breached and boarded, and he wanted to write about it in his column. He eventually did just that. But the article raised more questions than it was able to answer.

Wipro wouldn't talk to him at first about the alleged incident. They finally confirmed to the India Times that it had indeed discovered an intrusion and that they had hired an outside security firm to investigate.

RiskIQ has continued to investigate the situation, however, issuing a report about it. In that threat intelligence, they find that what was going on with the Wipro incident was only a small part of what emerged as an entire campaign. Sure, it got the spotlight shown down on it because of the Wipro incident but there seems to be far more to it than that.

The report shows how the overall campaign was a highly targeted and well-orchestrated operation. It had a reach far exceeding Wipro and involved a long list of targets dating back to 2016. Although an independent attribution cannot be confirmed, the group's numerous concurrent attacks display hallmarks of some state-sponsored activity such as precision, organization and likely, a financial motive.

Infrastructure overlap in PDNS, WHOIS and SSL certificate data sets is what allowed RiskIQ researchers to profile this group and surface and connect its infrastructure.

"We could piece together a more complete picture of this group and their attack campaigns, tools, and possible motives," said Yonathan Klijnsma, head researcher at RiskIQ. "The sheer scale of the infrastructure involved in this campaign and the concerted effort to attack so many different organizations at once is both impressive and disturbing."

The report found that the group leveraged "widely used email marketing and analytics tools" to create effective email phishing campaigns and appear legitimate to the network security used by the victim.

The report also says that:

"● The group primarily was found to target major gift card retailers, distributors, and card processors.

● With access to this gift card infrastructure, the attackers use money transfer services, clearinghouses, and other payment processing institutions to monetize.

● One of the PowerShell scripts used by the group, BabySharkPro, is often associated with North Korean threat activity. However, this may have been a false flag put in place to mislead researchers.

● Subsequent attacks on IT infrastructure organizations like Wipro represent broader targeting by the threat group likely in an attempt to widen its reach."

This actor group has been around since at least 2016, all the while targeting specific organization across multiple coordinated campaigns. The actors learned how to camouflage their actions via the use of open-source tooling. This allowed them to scale their operations while limiting analysts ability to easily attribute activity to a known actor group based on tool reuse.

Their operational tempo increased over time, when they ramped up both targeting and scope. The increase is a signifier that they achieved some sort of success throughout their campaigns.

This remains a sneaky and effective attack campaign. Expect to see it reoccur.

— Larry Loeb has written for many of the last century's major "dead tree" computer magazines, having been, among other things, a consulting editor for BYTE magazine and senior editor for the launch of WebWeek.

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
Edge-DRsplash-10-edge-articles
I Smell a RAT! New Cybersecurity Threats for the Crypto Industry
David Trepp, Partner, IT Assurance with accounting and advisory firm BPM LLP,  7/9/2021
News
Attacks on Kaseya Servers Led to Ransomware in Less Than 2 Hours
Robert Lemos, Contributing Writer,  7/7/2021
Commentary
It's in the Game (but It Shouldn't Be)
Tal Memran, Cybersecurity Expert, CYE,  7/9/2021
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon
Current Issue
How Enterprises are Attacking the Cybersecurity Problem
Concerns over supply chain vulnerabilities and attack visibility drove some significant changes in enterprise cybersecurity strategies over the past year. Dark Reading's 2021 Strategic Security Survey showed that many organizations are staying the course regarding the use of a mix of attack prevention and threat detection technologies and practices for dealing with cyber threats.
Flash Poll
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2018-16060
PUBLISHED: 2021-10-15
Mitsubishi Electric SmartRTU devices allow remote attackers to obtain sensitive information (directory listing and source code) via a direct request to the /web URI.
CVE-2018-16061
PUBLISHED: 2021-10-15
Mitsubishi Electric SmartRTU devices allow XSS via the username parameter or PATH_INFO to login.php.
CVE-2021-27561
PUBLISHED: 2021-10-15
Yealink Device Management (DM) 3.6.0.20 allows command injection as root via the /sm/api/v1/firewall/zone/services URI, without authentication.
CVE-2020-4951
PUBLISHED: 2021-10-15
IBM Cognos Analytics 11.1.7 and 11.2.0 contains locally cached browser data, that could allow a local attacker to obtain sensitive information.
CVE-2021-28021
PUBLISHED: 2021-10-15
Buffer overflow vulnerability in function stbi__extend_receive in stb_image.h in stb 2.26 via a crafted JPEG file.