Vulnerabilities / Threats
6/18/2013
12:52 PM
Connect Directly
Twitter
Twitter
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Slide Show: 10 Ways Attackers Automate Malware Production

Peeking into an attacker's toolbox to see how malware production is automated and the Internet is flooded with millions of unique malware applications
Previous
1 of 10
Next


A full field of malware creation tools has enabled attackers to transition from manually creating single-use and easily defeated malware to developing an automated production line to develop an "army of armored malware" to carry out attack campaigns, says Christopher Elisan, principal malware scientist for RSA NetWitness. Author of Malware, Rootkits & Botnets: A Beginner's Guide and a longtime malware reverser, Elisan recently offered up an extended explanation of how the process works. By using DIY malware kits like Zeus Builder, attackers with very little programming experience can create nearly infinite numbers of malware variants. From there, they can develop both protection from penetration and further variation of samples by running them through armoring tools, such as packers, crypters, and joiners. And once that process is done, they can develop automated quality assurance by running the variants through tools that lean on various AV engines to ensure that the malware remains undetected. It's a process that "basically killed AV," Elisan says and one that depends on tools like the ones outlined here.

Tool: Spy Eye

Tool Type: DIY Kit

How They're Using It: "The main idea of DIY kits is you don't need to have assembly language skills or any programming skills for that matter to create your own malware," says Elisan, who explains that these kits have actually been evolving for the better part of two decades since a 15-year-old created Virus Creation Lab (VCL) in 1992. Spy Eye is one of the first well-used kits of the modern era to use advanced features, such as encryption, and offer it in an easy GUI.

Image Credit: Christopher Elisan/RSA

 

Ericka Chickowski specializes in coverage of information technology and business innovation. She has focused on information security for the better part of a decade and regularly writes about the security industry as a contributor to Dark Reading.  View Full Bio

Previous
1 of 10
Next
Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Cartoon
Current Issue
Dark Reading Tech Digest, Dec. 19, 2014
Software-defined networking can be a net plus for security. The key: Work with the network team to implement gradually, test as you go, and take the opportunity to overhaul your security strategy.
Flash Poll
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2013-4440
Published: 2014-12-19
Password Generator (aka Pwgen) before 2.07 generates weak non-tty passwords, which makes it easier for context-dependent attackers to guess the password via a brute-force attack.

CVE-2013-4442
Published: 2014-12-19
Password Generator (aka Pwgen) before 2.07 uses weak pseudo generated numbers when /dev/urandom is unavailable, which makes it easier for context-dependent attackers to guess the numbers.

CVE-2013-7401
Published: 2014-12-19
The parse_request function in request.c in c-icap 0.2.x allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a URI without a " " or "?" character in an ICAP request, as demonstrated by use of the OPTIONS method.

CVE-2014-2026
Published: 2014-12-19
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in the search functionality in United Planet Intrexx Professional before 5.2 Online Update 0905 and 6.x before 6.0 Online Update 10 allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the request parameter.

CVE-2014-2716
Published: 2014-12-19
Ekahau B4 staff badge tag 5.7 with firmware 1.4.52, Real-Time Location System (RTLS) Controller 6.0.5-FINAL, and Activator 3 reuses the RC4 cipher stream, which makes it easier for remote attackers to obtain plaintext messages via an XOR operation on two ciphertexts.

Best of the Web
Dark Reading Radio
Archived Dark Reading Radio
Join us Wednesday, Dec. 17 at 1 p.m. Eastern Time to hear what employers are really looking for in a chief information security officer -- it may not be what you think.