Vulnerabilities / Threats
7/25/2012
08:56 PM
Connect Directly
Google+
Twitter
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%
Repost This

Android Takeover With The Swipe Of A Smartphone

Security researcher discovers near-field communication (NFC) is a greenfield of security risks

BLACK HAT USA -- Las Vegas, NV -- Emerging near-field communication (NFC) technology for reading tags and paying electronically for cab fare can be abused to wrest control of some Android phones, a researcher demonstrated here today.

Click here for more of Dark Reading's Black Hat articles.

Charlie Miller, who is a managing principal with Accuvant Labs, discovered several vulnerabilities in certain Android smartphones and released a homegrown fuzzer for devices enabled with NFC, an RFID-based technology that shares information between smartphones and related devices when swiped within a few centimeters of one another.

"NFC opens a new wave of server-side attacks, without user interaction," Miller said in his presentation here. The researcher discovered flaws in the Samsung Nexus 5 Galaxy Android version 2.3.3 (a.k.a. Gingerbread) and Nokia n9.1.2 Android Version 4.0.1 (a.k.a. Ice Cream Sandwich), which he then reported to the vendors. The Android 4.0.1 flaw was actually in the Web kit browser, and Google has since fixed it without Miller's help.

Trouble is, most Android users have not upgraded to the new version of the smartphone OS, Miller notes.

[ Renowned researcher will show just how dangerous it can be to pay cab fare with your mobile device, as he demonstrates vulnerabilities he discovered in emerging near-field communications (NFC) technology. See Apple Ban Gives Miller Time To Hack Other Things. ]

The browser is the real attack surface for NFC-enabled smartphones, says Miller, who says he moved on from the low-level bug exploration to the browser in his research when that became evident. Along with fellow Accuvant researcher Josh Drake and George Wicherski from CrowdStrike, Miller demonstrated a live exploit developed by Drake and Wicherski where Wicherski waved his Android near Drake's and took over the device. The attack exploits a bug in the Webkit browser.

"This is sort of frightening," Miller said. "I can get shell and all I did was get near the phone."

Miller also found PowerPoint and PDF bugs in the Nokia N9 1.2 Harmattan PR 1.2, and he says as far as he knows, Nokia has not yet fixed them.

NFC is not widely deployed today, but it does come enabled out of the box in Android devices. But the good news is you can always turn NFC off, says Miller, who says he disables the technology in his smartphones not because he's worried about its risks, but mainly because he doesn't have any actual use for it.

"Not everyone has NFC, so it's not really a huge risk. This is more of a cautionary tale," he says. Miller says the bugs in NFC demonstrate how adding more complexity to these devices also raises potential risks of abuse.

In his presentation, Miller noted that NFC only works when a smartphone is awake, but an attacker could "wake it up" by sending a text message, for instance.

Have a comment on this story? Please click "Add Your Comment" below. If you'd like to contact Dark Reading's editors directly, send us a message.

Kelly Jackson Higgins is Senior Editor at DarkReading.com. She is an award-winning veteran technology and business journalist with more than two decades of experience in reporting and editing for various publications, including Network Computing, Secure Enterprise Magazine, ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Cartoon
Current Issue
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2012-0360
Published: 2014-04-23
Memory leak in Cisco IOS before 15.1(1)SY, when IKEv2 debugging is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory consumption) via crafted packets, aka Bug ID CSCtn22376.

CVE-2012-1317
Published: 2014-04-23
The multicast implementation in Cisco IOS before 15.1(1)SY allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (Route Processor crash) by sending packets at a high rate, aka Bug ID CSCts37717.

CVE-2012-1366
Published: 2014-04-23
Cisco IOS before 15.1(1)SY on ASR 1000 devices, when Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) tracking is enabled for IPv6, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted MLD packets, aka Bug ID CSCtz28544.

CVE-2012-3062
Published: 2014-04-23
Cisco IOS before 15.1(1)SY, when Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) snooping is enabled, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (CPU consumption or device crash) via MLD packets on a network that contains many IPv6 hosts, aka Bug ID CSCtr88193.

CVE-2012-3918
Published: 2014-04-23
Cisco IOS before 15.3(1)T on Cisco 2900 devices, when a VWIC2-2MFT-T1/E1 card is configured for TDM/HDLC mode, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (serial-interface outage) via certain Frame Relay traffic, aka Bug ID CSCub13317.

Best of the Web