Risk
4/23/2009
09:53 PM
Connect Directly
Google+
Twitter
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Security Expert Calls For New Model For 'Demonetizing' Cybercrime, Botnets

Current approach focused on fighting attacks is not working, says SecureWorks' Joe Stewart

SAN FRANCISCO -- RSA CONFERENCE 2009 -- A top U.S. botnet expert has proposed a new approach to fighting cybercrime: Hit the bad guys where it hurts -- in their wallets -- by making online crime less lucrative and more risky to carry out.

Joe Stewart, director of malware research for SecureWorks, says the current approach, which includes knocking out botnet command and control and occasionally arresting the latest spam kingpin, just isn't a sustainable strategy. "These techniques don't work. We have too few resources, too much focus on the attack, and not so much on the attackers," he said in his presentation here on Thursday. "My proposal is to focus more on criminal groups than the attacks. We're not going to end cybercrime...I want to look at a different approach [at fighting it]."

Stewart's model goes after cybercriminals on three fronts -- technical, legal, and financial.

At the heart of the approach is a global Internet treaty that nations on the Net would sign, holding each other responsible for online abuse within their own borders. That would mean a nation's CERT would get the authority to enforce penalties for those network operators that allow distributed denial-of-service (DDOS) attacks, spam, malware, or other hacking across their networks. This type of Internet abuse on an ongoing basis would result in the operator's being disconnected from the Net, according to Stewart's vision.

This would also require a global authority for Internet abuse, which would coordinate among the regional CERTS and special operations teams watching out for such abuse. The teams would be made up of experts in reverse engineering, linguistics, social engineering, and disinformation operations, for example. "It would not be limited to researchers," Stewart said. "It would be run in a covert way...you don't want your adversary knowing something [about the operation]."

The closest thing to such Internet authorities today is South Korea's CERT, which by law can order an ISP to take down a botnet command and control server, for instance, Stewart noted.

"We need a global framework to get rid of safe havens for abuse," he said.

But this global authority would be solely focused on DDOS attacks, spam, malware, and other attacks -- not civil issues or content.

Other security researchers say the concept makes sense, but pulling it off wouldn't be easy.

"Trying to disincentivize [the attackers] is a new way of looking at things," says Ivan Arce, CTO of Core Security. "But it will be hard to accomplish. [Law enforcement alone] is not sufficient, and cutting them off the Internet is probably not going to work because they will find another way [to regain access]."

Arce says the key to combating cybercrime is to find a way to discourage the insecurity of networks and systems.

Gunter Ollmann, vice president of research for Damballa, notes that because there is no actual international law, and because the United Nations and InterPol historically have had little success internationally fighting crime, Stewart's model would face the same hurdles. And malware researchers are a "territorial and secretive" group who don't want to share too much for fear of not getting credit (or financial compensation) for their work, he says. An international effort like this to fight cybercrime "is a pipe dream at best," he says. Stewart, meanwhile, said the small special-operations groups focused on taking down specific cybercrime gangs from the financial, technical, and legal angles could go a long way in discouraging the bad guys from building out their botnets or other online crime systems.

He also says countries' border routers would need to deploy the IETF's Best Current Practice 38 protocol, which is aimed at quelling DDoS attacks by denying traffic with spoofed IP addresses from accessing a network.

Have a comment on this story? Please click "Discuss" below. If you'd like to contact Dark Reading's editors directly, send us a message.

Kelly Jackson Higgins is Executive Editor at DarkReading.com. She is an award-winning veteran technology and business journalist with more than two decades of experience in reporting and editing for various publications, including Network Computing, Secure Enterprise ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
White Papers
More White Papers
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Cartoon
Current Issue
Flash Poll
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2014-8370
Published: 2015-01-29
VMware Workstation 10.x before 10.0.5, VMware Player 6.x before 6.0.5, VMware Fusion 6.x before 6.0.5, and VMware ESXi 5.0 through 5.5 allow host OS users to gain host OS privileges or cause a denial of service (arbitrary write to a file) by modifying a configuration file.

CVE-2015-0236
Published: 2015-01-29
libvirt before 1.2.12 allow remote authenticated users to obtain the VNC password by using the VIR_DOMAIN_XML_SECURE flag with a crafted (1) snapshot to the virDomainSnapshotGetXMLDesc interface or (2) image to the virDomainSaveImageGetXMLDesc interface.

CVE-2015-1043
Published: 2015-01-29
The Host Guest File System (HGFS) in VMware Workstation 10.x before 10.0.5, VMware Player 6.x before 6.0.5, and VMware Fusion 6.x before 6.0.5 and 7.x before 7.0.1 allows guest OS users to cause a guest OS denial of service via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2015-1044
Published: 2015-01-29
vmware-authd (aka the Authorization process) in VMware Workstation 10.x before 10.0.5, VMware Player 6.x before 6.0.5, and VMware ESXi 5.0 through 5.5 allows attackers to cause a host OS denial of service via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2015-1422
Published: 2015-01-29
Multiple cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in Gecko CMS 2.2 and 2.3 allow remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the (1) horder[], (2) jak_catid, (3) jak_content, (4) jak_css, (5) jak_delete_log[], (6) jak_email, (7) jak_extfile, (8) jak_file, (9) jak_hookshow[], (10) j...

Best of the Web
Dark Reading Radio
Archived Dark Reading Radio
If you’re a security professional, you’ve probably been asked many questions about the December attack on Sony. On Jan. 21 at 1pm eastern, you can join a special, one-hour Dark Reading Radio discussion devoted to the Sony hack and the issues that may arise from it.